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Salvia coccinea

Salvia coccinea (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Calosphace
Sectio: S. sect. Calosphace
Species: Salvia coccinea

Salvia coccinea Buc'hoz ex Etl., Salv. 23. 1777.


Horminum coccineum (Buc'hoz ex Etl.) Moench, Methodus: 377. 1794.

Salvia ciliata Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 286. 1833, nom. illeg.
Salvia coccinea L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 88. 1782, nom. illeg.
Salvia coccinea f. pseudococcinea (Jacq.) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 839. 1895.
Salvia coccinea var. minima Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 35: 551. 1900.
Salvia coccinea var. pseudococcinea (Jacq.) A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 368. 1886.
Salvia filamentosa Tausch, Flora 25: 282. 1842.
Salvia galeottii M.Martens, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(2): 75. 1844.
Salvia glaucescens Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 2: t. 192. 1833.
Salvia mollissima M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(2): 71. 1844.
Salvia pseudococcinea Jacq., Collectanea 2: 302. 1789.
Salvia rosea Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 1: 244. 1804.
Salvia superba Vilm., Fl. Pleine Terre: 769. 1863.


Etlinger, A.E. (1777) Salv. 23.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Salvia coccinea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Sep 14. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Salvia coccinea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Blut-Salbei
English: Red sage
Kūki'Āirani: tītānia
lea faka-Tonga: teʻekosi

Salvia coccinea, the blood sage,[1] scarlet sage, Texas sage, or tropical sage,[2] is a herbaceous perennial in the family Lamiaceae that is widespread throughout the Southeastern United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America (Colombia, Peru, and Brazil).[2] At one time Brazil was considered to be where it originated, but its diploid chromosome count now points to Mexico as its place of origin.[3]


Its specific epithet, coccinea, means "scarlet-dyed" (Latin), referring to the color of its flowers.[4]

The plant reaches 2 to 4 ft (0.61 to 1.22 m) in height, with many branches, and a spread of about 2.5 ft (0.76 m). The hairy leaves, scalloped on the edges, are pea green, varying in size, all the way up to 3 in (7.6 cm) long and 2 in (5.1 cm) wide. Flower color and size is quite variable.[3] The naturalized variety is typically tubular, bright red, about 1.25 in (3.2 cm) long.[5] Flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and butterflies.[6]


Salvia coccinea is an annual species. It is cultivated in urban green areas as well as in private gardens around the world. It has a long flowering period, from the start of summer to the end of autumn.[7][failed verification] Cultivated varieties include orange-red, pink, salmon, red, white, and scarlet, as well as bi-colored varieties.[3] The plant is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones Zones 8–10.[8]


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Salvia coccinea". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
"Salvia coccinea". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-12-15.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. pp. 82–84. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.
Holloway, Joel Ellis; Neill, Amanda (2005). A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains. TCU Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-87565-309-9.
Nelson, Gil (2005). East Gulf Coastal Plain Wildflowers. Globe Pequot. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-7627-2718-6.
"#507 Salvia coccinea". Floridata. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
Stratu, Anişoara; Costică, Naela (2015-10-01). "The Influence Of Zinc On Seed Germination And Growth In The First Ontogenetic Stages In The Species Cucumis Melo L." Present Environment and Sustainable Development. 9 (2): 215–228. doi:10.1515/pesd-2015-0038. ISSN 2284-7820.
Fine Gardening: Salvia coccinea (Texas sage, Hummingbird sage)

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