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Salvia glutinosa

Salvia glutinosa (Photo: *)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Drymosphace
Series: S. ser. Miltiorrhizaee
Species: Salvia glutinosa
Name

Salvia glutinosa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 26 (1753).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Drymosphace glutinosa (L.) Opiz, Seznam: 38 (1852).
Glutinaria glutinosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
Sclarea glutinosa (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 11. (1768).
Heterotypic
Glutinaria acuminata Raf., Autik. Bot. 122 (1840).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Europe
Middle Europe
Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland.
Southwestern Europe
Corse, France, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece,itzerland.html">Switzerland, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Eastern Europe
Belarus, Krym, Central European Russia, South European Russia, Ukraine.
Asia-Temperate
Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Western Asia
Iran, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 26. Reference page.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.) 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul. ISBN 978-605-60425-7-7. Online edition. Reference page.
Danihelka, J., Chrtek Jr., J. & Kaplan, Z. 2012. Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia 84(3): 647–811. PDF Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Salvia glutinosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 January 5. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Salvia glutinosa. Published online. Accessed: 5 January 2021.

Vernacular names
čeština: šalvěj lepkavá
Deutsch: Klebriger Salbei
English: sticky sage, sticky clary, glutinous sage, Jupiter's sage, Jupiter's distaff, hardy sage
suomi: Keltasalvia
français: Sauge glutineuse
polski: Szałwia lepka
русский: Шалфей железистый, Шалфей клейкий
slovenčina: šalvia lepkavá
svenska: Klibbsalvia
Türkçe: Yapışkan adaçayı

Salvia glutinosa, the glutinous sage, sticky sage, Jupiter's sage, or Jupiter's distaff, is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family Lamiaceae.

Description
Close-up of Salvia glutinosa flower

Salvia glutinosa grows to approximately 40–60 centimetres (16–24 in) tall.[1] The stems are erect, with bright green hairy leaves that are about 13 cm (5.1 in) long, with petioles of about 8–10 centimetres (3.1–3.9 in). The leaves are deciduous, toothed, pointed, tomentose and glandular. With the first frosts, foliage disappears and the plant is ready to overwinter in dormant buds.

All parts of the plant are covered with sticky glandular hairs, especially the lime-green calyces and the flowers, resulting in the name "glutinosa". These sticky hairs probably have a protective function against predators. Salvia glutinosa is the main host plant of the plant bug Macrotylus quadrilineatus, that feeds on the juices of the plant and on small insects entrapped on this sticky sage.

Flowers grow in whorls of two to six, with pale yellow flowers speckled with maroon.[2] The flowers are supported by tiny persistent bracts and have a length of 3 to 5 centimetres (1.2 to 2.0 in), which is quite big for a sage. The flowers have two stamens and a bell-shaped calyx. The flowering period extends from June to September.[1]

This species has recently been found to contain a small amount of Salvinorin A.
Distribution

This plant is native to Central and East Europe, and West Asia.[1] It is grown in gardens.
Habitat

Salvia glutinosa is found in forested areas in deciduous and mixed woods especially in the shade and partial shade and in calcareous soils, at an altitude of 100–1,600 metres (330–5,250 ft) above sea level.[1]

Gallery

Figure of Salvia glutinosa from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen, 1796

Plant of 'Salvia glutinosa

Leaf of Salvia glutinosa

The glandular hairs of Salvia glutinosa

References

Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. II, pag. 505
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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