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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Calosphace
Sectio: S. sect. Fulgentes
Species: Salvia karwinskii
Name

Salvia karwinskii Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 725 (1835).
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Salvia lindenii Benth. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 333 (1848).
Salvia siguatepequensis Standl., J. Arnold Arbor. 11: 40 (1930).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Mexico
Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest.
Southern America
Central America
El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Bentham, G. 1832–1836. Labiatarum genera et species: or, a description of the genera and species of plants of the order Labiatae; with their general history, characters, affinities, and geographical distribution. LXVIII + 783 pp. James Ridgway and Sons, London. Gallica Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 725

Additional references

Nelson Sutherland, C.H. 2008. Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas. xxix + 1576 pp. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. ISBN 978-99926-44-80-5 Reference page.
García-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) 2012. Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies). Ed. 2. 351 pp. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ISBN 978-607-02-2434-8. Reference page.
Davidse, G., Sousa Sánchez, M., Knapp, S. & Chiang Cabrera, F. (eds.) 2012. Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. XVI + 533 pp. Missouri Botanical Press, St. Louis / Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F. ISBN 978-1-935641-08-7 Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Salvia karwinskii in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 January 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Salvia karwinskii. Published online. Accessed: 3 January 2021.

Vernacular names
español: Mielero, salvia sija

Salvia karwinskii (Karwinski's sage) is a perennial shrub native to the moist mountain forests of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua, typically growing in or near pine or oak forests at 4,000 to 8,000 feet (1,200 to 2,400 m) elevation. It is known as a honey-producing plant in those areas, but is rarely seen in private gardens. Specimens are grown at Strybing Arboretum, Huntington Botanical Gardens, and University of California Botanical Garden.

In California gardens, it reaches 8 feet tall and 4 ft wide (2.4 by 1.2 m), and in the wild it reaches up to 12 ft tall (3.7 m). The 1 in flowers are inflated and have two lips, ranging in color from brick-red, rose-red, to scarlet, and are carried on many 15 in racemes. The calyx is a showy dark-red, about 0.5-inch long (1.3 cm). The stems and petioles of the leaves have short wooly hairs, making them appear gray. The 6-inch (15 cm) rough leaves are evergreen, with veining on the underside and light cream-colored hairs.[1]
Notes

Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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