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Starr 010726-8021 Salvia occidentalis

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Calosphace
Sectio: S. sect. Microsphace
Species: Salvia occidentalis
Name

Salvia occidentalis Sw., 1788
Synonyms

Homotypic
Horminum occidentale (Sw.) M.Gómez, Fl. Habanera: 393 (1897).
Heterotypic
Salvia procumbens Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 27 (1798).
Salvia radicans Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 621 (1805).
Hyptis glandulosa Sieber ex Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 244 (1833), pro syn.
Salvia occidentalis var. garberi Chapm., Bot. Gaz. 3: 11 (1878).
Salvia privoides var. garberi (Chapm.) Chapm., Fl. South. U.S., ed. 2: 638 (1883).
Salvia viscosa Sessé & Moc., Pl. Nov. Hisp.: 8 (1887), nom. illeg.
Salvia occidentalis f. bicolor Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 530 (1891).
Salvia occidentalis f. violacea Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 530 (1891).
Salvia martinicensis Sessé & Moc., Fl. Mexic.: 10 (1893).
Salvia lateriflora Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 35: 494 (1900).
Salvia setosa Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 35: 493 (1900).
Salvia pseudoprivoides Epling, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 110: 18 (1938).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Bahamas, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Galápagos, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.
Regional: Central America
Belize, Nicaragua, Panamá, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
Regional: Western South America
Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
Regional: Northern South America
Colombia, Venezuela
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest
Regional: Southeastern USA
Florida
Introduced into:
Alabama, Central American Pac, Cook Is., Hawaii, Jawa, Marquesas, New Caledonia, Niue, Society Is., Tonga, Tuamotu

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Swartz, O. 1788. Nova genera & species plantarum seu Prodromus descriptionum vegetabilium, maximam partem incognitorum quae sub itinere in Indiam Occidentalem annis 1783–87 digessit Olof Swartz. M. D. X+152 pp., index. M.Swederi, Holmiae [Stockholm] etc. BHL Reference page. : 14

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia occidentalis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 14. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia occidentalis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 14. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2022. Salvia occidentalis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia occidentalis. Published online. Accessed: May 14 2022.

Vernacular names
English: West Indian sage
español: Gonce de gallina, Hierba de cangro, Trencilla negra, Moradilla, Mozote de gallina, Mozotillo.

Salvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) is a small annual herb native to the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America

The herb typically growing in damp bushy areas between 50 to 1,300 m (160 to 4,270 ft) elevation. It bears 4 millimetres (0.16 in) long pale pink flowers.[1][2]
Notes

Wood, J. R. I.; Harley, R. M. (1989). "The Genus Salvia (Labiatae) in Colombia". Kew Bulletin. Springer. 44 (2): 220. doi:10.2307/4110799. JSTOR 4110799.
"Salvia occidentalis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 20 April 2010.

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