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India, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons" href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salvia_plebeia_(5633857379).jpg">Salvia plebeia (5633857379)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Notiosphace
Species: Salvia plebeia
Name

Salvia plebeia R.Br., 1810
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Ocimum virgatum Thunb. in J.A.Murray, Syst. Nat. ed. 14: 546 (1784).
Salvia brachiata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 146 (1820).
Ocimum fastigiatum B.Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp.: 277 (1821).
Lumnitzera fastigiata (B.Heyne ex Roth) Spreng., Syst. Veg., 2: 687 (1825).
Salvia minutiflora Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 50 (1833).
Mosla virgata (Thunb.) Tanaka, Bull. Sci. Hort. Inst. Kyushu Imp. Univ. 1: 204 (1925).
Salvia plebeia var. latifolia E.Peter, Acta Horti Gothob. 9: 141 (1934).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Central Asia
Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan
Regional: Indian subcontinent
Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, West Himalaya
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Southeastern Asia
Philippines, Sumatera, Vietnam
Regional: China
China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Taiwan
Regional: Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, Primorye
Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. pp. i–viii + 145–590, Londini: R.Taylor. BHL Reference page. : 501

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia plebeia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 14. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia plebeia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 14. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2022. Salvia plebeia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia plebeia. Published online. Accessed: May 14 2022.

Vernacular names
فارسی: سالفيا العامه
русский: Шалфей обыкновенный
中文: 節毛鼠尾草, 賴斷頭草, 薺薴蛤蟆草

Salvia plebeia is an annual or biennial herb that is native to a wide region of Asia. It grows on hillsides, streamsides, and wet fields from sea level to 2,800 m (9,200 ft). S. plebeia grows on erect stems to a height of 15 to 90 cm (5.9 to 35.4 in) tall, with elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate leaves. Inflorescences are 6-flowered verticillasters in racemes or panicles, with a distinctly small corolla (4.5 mm (0.18 in)) that comes in a wide variety of colors: reddish, purplish, purple, blue-purple, to blue, and rarely white.[1]
Notes

"Lamiaceae" (PDF). Flora of China. Harvard University. 17: 169. 1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-29.

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