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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Subtribus: Santolininae
Genus: Santolina
Species: S. africana – S. benthamiana – S. canescens – S. chamaecyparissus – S. corsica – S. decumbens – S. elegans – S. etrusca – S. insularis – S. magonica – S. melidensis – S. montiberica – S. neapolitana – S. oblongifolia – S. pectinata – S. pinnata – S. rosmarinifolia – S. semidentata – S. tincloria – S. villosa – S. virens – S. viscosa
Name

Santolina L.
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 842. Reference page.

Links

International Plant Names Index. 2017. Santolina. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 01 2017.
The Plant List 2013. Santolina in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Dec. 01.
Tropicos.org 2017. Santolina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Dec. 01.
Hassler, M. 2017. Santolina. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Dec. 01. Reference page.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Heiligenkraut
suomi: Hopeayrtit
italiano: Crespolina
русский: Сантолина

Santolina is a genus of plants in the chamomile tribe within the sunflower family, primarily from the western Mediterranean region.[2][3]

They are small evergreen shrubs growing 10–60 cm (4–24 in) tall. The leaves are simple and minute in some species, or pinnate, finely divided in other species, often densely silvery hairy, and usually aromatic. The composite flowerheads are yellow or white, produced in dense globose capitula 1–2 cm in diameter, on top of slender stems held 10–25 cm (4–10 in) above the foliage. There are no ray florets.[4]

Santolina species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus) and the Coleophora case-bearers C. albicella (recorded on S. chamaecyparissus), C. involucrella (feeds exclusively on Santolina spp) and C. santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus).

Species[1][5][6]

Santolina africana Jord. & Fourr. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
Santolina benthamiana Jord. & Fourr. - France, Spain
Santolina canescens Lag. - Spain
Santolina chamaecyparissus L. - from Spain to Ireland + Turkey
Santolina corsica Jord. & Fourr. - Corsica
Santolina decumbens Mill. - France, Spain
Santolina ericoides Poir. - France, Spain
Santolina impressa Hoffmanns. & Link - Portugal
Santolina magonica (O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts.) Romo - Balearic Islands, Spain
Santolina melidensis (Rodr.Oubiña & S.Ortiz) Rodr.Oubiña & S.Ortiz - Spain
Santolina neapolitana Jord. & Fourr. - Campania, Italy
Santolina oblongifolia Boiss. - Spain
Santolina pectinata Lag. - Algeria, Morocco, Spain
Santolina pinnata Viv. - Tuscany, Italy
Santolina rosmarinifolia L. - south western Europe
Santolina semidentata Hoffmanns. & Link - Spain, Portugal
Santolina tinctoria Molina - Chile
Santolina villosa Mill. - Spain
Santolina virens Mill. - France, Spain, UK, Germany, Abruzzo (Italy), Ukraine

formerly included

numerous species formerly regarded as members of Santolina but now judged better suited to other genera: Achillea Athanasia Anthemis Calea Cladanthus Helenium Isocarpha Lasiospermum Lonas Matricaria Oedera Porophyllum Salmea Tanacetum
References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 842-843 in Latin
Tropicos, Santolina L.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Santolina includes photos + distribution maps
Giacò, Antonio; Astuti, Giovanni; Peruzzi, Lorenzo (2021). "Typification and nomenclature of the names in the Santolina chamaecyparissus species complex (Asteraceae)". Taxon. 70 (1): 189–201. doi:10.1002/tax.12429. ISSN 1996-8175.

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