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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Sapotaceae
Subfamiliae: Chrysophylloideae – Sapotoideae – Sarcospermatoideae
Genera: AmorphospermumAubregriniaAulandraAutranellaBaillonellaBemangidiaBoerlagellaBrevieaBurckellaCapurodendron – Chromolucuma – Chrysophyllum – Delpydora – Diploknema – Diploon – Eberhardtia – Ecclinusa – Elaeoluma – Englerophytum – Faucherea – Gluema – Inhambanella – Isonandra – Labourdonnaisia – Labramia – Lecomtedoxa – Letestua – Madhuca – Magodendron – ManilkaraMicropholisMimusops – Neohemsleya – Neolemonniera – Niemeyera – Northia – Omphalocarpum – Palaquium – Payena – Pichonia – Planchonella – Pleioluma – Pouteria – Pradosia – Pycnandra – Sarcaulus – Sarcosperma – Sersalisia – Sideroxylon – Spiniluma – Synsepalum – Tieghemella – Tridesmostemon – Tsebona – Van-royena – Vitellaria – Vitellariopsis – Xantolis

Name

Sapotaceae Juss. Gen. Pl. 151. (1789) nom. cons.

Type genus: Sapota Mill., (1754) nom. illeg. ≡ Achras L., (1753), nom. rej. = Manilkara Adans., (1763) nom. cons.

Family circumscription sensu Swenson & Anderberg (2005) see discussion page for classification according to Pennington (1991).
References

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera Plantarum, 151. BHL.
Frodin, D.G., Govaerts, R. & Pennington, T.D. (2001) World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae, Kew Publishing, Richmond, Surrey.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Sapotaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Dec. 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Sapotaceae. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 12 2015.
Pennington, T.D. 1991. The Genera of Sapotaceae, pp. 295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Stride, G., Nylinder, S. & Swenson, U. 2014. Revisiting the biogeography of Sideroxylon (Sapotaceae) and an evaluation of the taxonomic status of Argania and Spiniluma. Australian Systematic Botany 27(2): 104–118. DOI: 10.1071/SB14010 Reference page.
Swenson, U. & Anderberg, A.A. 2005. Phylogeny, character evolution, and classification of Sapotaceae (Ericales). Cladistics 21(2): 101–130. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2005.00056.x PDF Reference page.
Swenson, U., Nylinder, S. & Munzinger, J. 2014. Sapotaceae biogeography supports New Caledonia being an old Darwinian island. Journal of Biogeography 41(4): 797–809. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12246 Paywall Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Sapotaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Dec. 10.

Vernacular names
čeština: sapodilové
suomi: Sapotillakasvit
հայերեն: Սապոտազգիներ
日本語: アカテツ科
中文:

The Sapotaceae are a family of flowering plants belonging to the order Ericales. The family includes about 800 species of evergreen trees and shrubs in around 65 genera (35-75, depending on generic definition). Their distribution is pantropical.

Many species produce edible fruits, or white blood-sap that is used to cleanse dirt, organically and manually, while others have other economic uses. Species noted for their edible fruits include Manilkara (sapodilla), Chrysophyllum cainito (star-apple or golden leaf tree), and Pouteria (abiu, canistel, lúcuma, Mamey sapote). Vitellaria paradoxa (shi in several languages of West Africa and karité in French; also anglicized as shea) is also the source of an oil-rich nut, the source of edible shea butter, which is the major lipid source for many African ethnic groups and is also used in traditional and Western cosmetics and medications. The 'miracle fruit' Synsepalum dulcificum is also in the Sapotaceae.

Trees of the genus Palaquium (gutta-percha) produce an important latex with a wide variety of uses.

The seeds of the tree Argania spinosa produce an edible oil, traditionally harvested in Morocco.

The family name is derived from zapote, a Mexican vernacular name for one of the plants (in turn derived from the Nahuatl tzapotl) and Latinised by Linnaeus as sapota, a name now treated as a synonym of Manilkara (also formerly known by the invalid name Achras).
Genera

Amorphospermum
Aningeria
Argania
Aubregrinia
Aulandra
Autranella
Baillonella
Boerlagella Cogn. (sometimes included in Pouteria)
Breviea
Burckella
Capurodendron
Chromolucuma
Chrysophyllum
Delpydora
Diploknema
Diploon
Donella[3]
Eberhardtia
Ecclinusa
Elaeoluma
Englerophytum
Faucherea
Gambeya
Gluema
Inhambanella
Isonandra
Labourdonnaisia
Labramia
Lecomtedoxa
Letestua
Madhuca
Manilkara
Mastichodendron
Micropholis
Mimusops
Neohemsleya
Neolemonniera
Nesoluma
Niemeyera
Northia
Omphalocarpum
Palaquium
Payena
Pichonia
Planchonella Pierre
Pleioluma
Pouteria
Pradosia
Pycnandra
Sarcaulus
Sarcosperma
Sersalisia R.Br. (sometimes included in Pouteria)
Sideroxylon
Synsepalum
Tieghemella
Tridesmostemon
Tsebona
Van-royena Aubrév. (sometimes included in Pouteria)
Vitellaria
Vitellariopsis

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
"Sapotaceae Juss., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
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