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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Bambuseae
Subtribus: Melocanninae
Genus: Schizostachyum
Species: S. aciculare – S. aequiramosum – S. alopecurus – S. andamanicum – S. arunachalensis – S. atrocingulare – S. auriculatum – S. aviculare – S. bamban – S. beddomei – S. biflorum – S. blumei – S. brachycladum – S. brachythyrsus – S. castaneum – S. caudatum – S. chinense – S. copelandi – S. cornutum – S. coruntum – S. curranii – S. cuspidatum – S. diaoluoshanense – S. distans – S. dullooa – S. dumetorum – S. flexuosum – S. funghomiiS. glaucifolium – S. glaucocladum – S. glaucum – S. gracile – S. grande – S. griffithii – S. hainanense – S. hantu – S. insulare – S. iraten – S. jaculans – S. kalpongianum – S. khoonmengii – S. latifolium – S. lengguanii – – – S. lutescens – S. mampouw – S. ninhthuanense – S. perrieri – S. pilosum – S. pleianthemum – S. pseudolima – S. rogersii – S. sanguineum – S. seshagirianum – S. silicatum – S. terminale – S. tessellatum – S. textorium – S. undulatum – S. wanshishanense – S. whitei – S. yalyense – S. zollingeriS. lumampaoS. lima

Name

Schizostachyum Neesin C.F.P.von Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 535 (1829)
Type species: Schizostachyum blumei Nees in C.F.P.von Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 535 (1829)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Schleropelta Buckley, Prelim. Rep. Surv. Texas, App.: 1 (1866)
Teinostachyum Munro, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 142 (1868)
Dendrochloa C.E.Parkinson, Indian Forester 59: 707 (1933)
Leptocanna L.C.Chia & H.L.Fung, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19: 212 (1981)

References

Nees von Esenbeck, C.G.D. (1829) Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum 2(1): 535.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Schizostachyum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 24. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Schizostachyum. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24.
Tropicos.org 2013. Schizostachyum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Schizostachyum. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: Polynesian 'ohe

Schizostachyum is a tall or shrub-like tropical genus of bamboo.[2][3] They are natives mostly of tropical Asia and Papuasia, with a few species in Madagascar and on certain islands in the Pacific.[1][4] A few have become naturalized in other tropical regions.[5]

Description

The genus name comes from Greek schistos ("cleft") and stachys ("spike"), referring to the spacing of spikelets.

These are clumping, sometimes climbing woody bamboos, with terete culm-internodes and short, thick (pachymorph), perennial rhizomes.[1]
Species

The following are included in Plants of the World Online:[6][1]

Schizostachyum aciculare - Borneo, Malaysia, Indochina
Schizostachyum aequiramosum - Java
Schizostachyum alopecurus - New Guinea
Schizostachyum andamanicum - Andaman Islands
Schizostachyum arunachalensis - Arunachal Pradesh
Schizostachyum atrocingulare - Sumatra
Schizostachyum auriculatum - Guangxi
Schizostachyum bamban - Sumatra
Schizostachyum beddomei - India
Schizostachyum blumei Nees - from Vietnam to Java - type species
Schizostachyum brachycladum - from Vietnam to Java
Schizostachyum brachythyrsus - New Guinea
Schizostachyum castaneum - Bali
Schizostachyum caudatum - Java, Sumatra
Schizostachyum chinense - Yunnan
Schizostachyum copelandii - New Guinea
Schizostachyum coradatum - Jiangxi
Schizostachyum cornutum - Sumatra
Schizostachyum curranii - Philippines
Schizostachyum cuspidatum - Sumatra
Schizostachyum diaoluoshanense - Hainan
Schizostachyum distans - Myanmar
Schizostachyum dullooa - Eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Vietnam
Schizostachyum dumetorum - Guangdong, Jiangxi
Schizostachyum flexuosum - Borneo
Schizostachyum funghomii - Arunachal Pradesh, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Vietnam; naturalized in Honduras, Puerto Rico
Schizostachyum glaucifolium - Marquesas
Schizostachyum glaucocladum - Kalimantan
Schizostachyum gracile - Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum grande - Laos, Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum griffithii - Assam, Myanmar
Schizostachyum hainanense - Hainan, Vietnam
Schizostachyum hantu - Sarawak
Schizostachyum insulare - Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum iraten - Java
Schizostachyum jaculans - Hainan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum kalpongianum - Andaman Islands
Schizostachyum khoonmengii - Brunei
Schizostachyum kuisingii K.M.Wong - Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum langbianense V.T.Tran, N.H.Xia & H.N.Nguyen - Vietnam
Schizostachyum latifolium - Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum lengguanii - Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum lima - Philippines, Sulawesi, Maluku, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands
Schizostachyum lumampao - Philippines
Schizostachyum lutescens - Sumatra
Schizostachyum mampouw - Sumatra
Schizostachyum mannii - Assam
Schizostachyum nghianum N.H.Xia & V.T.Tran
Schizostachyum ninhthuanense N.H.Xia, V.T.Tran & H.N.Nguyen - Vietnam
Schizostachyum pergracile (Munro) R.B.Majumdar
Schizostachyum perrieri - Madagascar
Schizostachyum pilosum - Sabah
Schizostachyum pingbianense - Yunnan
Schizostachyum pleianthemum - Sumatra
Schizostachyum pseudolima - Hainan, Vietnam
Schizostachyum rogersii - Myanmar, Andaman Islands
Schizostachyum sanguineum - Yunnan
Schizostachyum seshagirianum - Arunachal Pradesh
Schizostachyum silicatum - Sumatra
Schizostachyum terminale - Peninsular Malaysia
Schizostachyum tessellatum - Solomon Islands
Schizostachyum textorium - Philippines
Schizostachyum undulatum - Sumatra
Schizostachyum wanshishanense - Fujian
Schizostachyum warburgii - Maluku
Schizostachyum whitei - New Guinea
Schizostachyum yalyense - Vietnam
Schizostachyum zollingeri - from Vietnam to Java

formerly included[4]

see Bambusa Cephalostachyum Cyrtochloa Dendrocalamus Dinochloa Eremocaulon Gigantochloa Nastus Neohouzeaua Pseudostachyum Pseudoxytenanthera Sirochloa

Schizostachyum acutiflorum - Dinochloa acutiflora
Schizostachyum annulatum - Bambusa distegia
Schizostachyum apus - Gigantochloa apus
Schizostachyum bitung - Dendrocalamus asper
Schizostachyum bosseri - Sirochloa parvifolia
Schizostachyum brassii - Bambusa riparia
Schizostachyum burmanicum - Cephalostachyum burmanicum
Schizostachyum capitatum - Eremocaulon capitatum
Schizostachyum chilianthum - Nastus elegantissimus
Schizostachyum dielsianum - Dinochloa dielsiana
Schizostachyum diffusum - Dinochloa diffusa
Schizostachyum dumosum - Dendrocalamus dumosus
Schizostachyum durie - Bambusa spinosa
Schizostachyum elegans - Dendrocalamus elegans
Schizostachyum elegantissimum - Nastus elegantissimus
Schizostachyum fenixii - Cyrtochloa fenixii
Schizostachyum flavescens - Cephalostachyum flavescens
Schizostachyum fuchsianum - Cephalostachyum latifolium
Schizostachyum hasskarlianum - Gigantochloa hasskarliana
Schizostachyum helferi - Neohouzeaua helferi
Schizostachyum hindostanicum - Pseudoxytenanthera ritcheyi
Schizostachyum kurzii - Pseudobambusa schizostachyoides
Schizostachyum leviculme - Pseudostachyum polymorphum
Schizostachyum loriforme - Dendrocalamus asper
Schizostachyum luzonicum - Cyrtochloa luzonica
Schizostachyum munroi - Cephalostachyum capitatum
Schizostachyum palawanense - Dinochloa palawanensis
Schizostachyum pallidum - Cephalostachyum pallidum
Schizostachyum parvifolium - Sirochloa parvifolia
Schizostachyum pergracile - Cephalostachyum pergracile
Schizostachyum polymorphum - Pseudostachyum polymorphum
Schizostachyum scandens - Cephalostachyum scandens
Schizostachyum serpentinum - Gigantochloa nigrociliata
Schizostachyum sharmae - Cephalostachyum latifolium
Schizostachyum strictum - Neohouzeaua stricta
Schizostachyum subcordatum - Dendrocalamus pendulus
Schizostachyum tavoyanum - Neohouzeaua tavoyana
Schizostachyum toppingii - Cyrtochloa toppingii
Schizostachyum virgatum - Cephalostachyum virgatum

Some also include the genus Leptocanna in this genus.
References

Plants of the World Online: Schizostachyum Nees (retrieved 14 March 2021)
Nees von Esenbeck, Christian Gottfried Daniel. 1829. Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum 2(1): 535 in Latin
Tropicos, Schizostachyum Nees
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 50 岭南竹属 si lao zhu shu Schizostachyum Nees in Martius et al.
Soreng, R. J. 2000. Schizostachyum. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): I. Subfamilies Anomochlooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, and Pharoideae. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 39: 112
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

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