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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Secamonoideae
Genus: Secamone
Species: S. africana – S. afzelii – S. alba – S. alpini – S. andamanica – S. angustifolioides – S. ankarensis – S. astephana – S. attenuata – S. attenuifolia – S. auriculata – S. australis – S. axillaris – S. badia – S. bemarahensis – S. betamponensis – S. bicolor – S. bifida – S. bonii – S. bosseri – S. brachystigma – S. brevicoronata – S. brevipes – S. buxifolia – S. capitata – S. castanea – S. caudata – S. celebica – S. clavistyla – S. cloiselii – S. coronata – S. cristata – S. cuneifolia – S. curtisii – S. delagoensis – S. dequairei – S. dewevrei – S. dilapidans – S. discolor – S. dolichorhachys – S. drepanoloba – S. ecoronata – S. elegans – S. elliotii – S. elliptica – S. emetica – S. erythradenia – S. falcata – S. ferruginea – S. filiformis – S. flavida – S. galinae – S. geayi – S. gerrardii – S. glaberrima – S. glabrescens – S. goyderi – S. gracilis – S. grandiflora – S. griffithii – S. humbertii – S. insularis – S. jongkindii – S. kjellbergii – S. kunstleri – S. lagenifera – S. lankawiensis – S. laxa – S. lenticellata – S. letouzeana – S. ligustrifolia – S. likiangensis – S. linearifolia – S. linearis – S. lineata – S. longituba – S. maritima – S. marsupiata – S. minutiflora – S. minutifolia – S. multiflora – S. neocaledonica – S. nervosa – S. obovata – S. oleifolia – S. pachyphylla – S. pachystigma – S. papuana – S. pedicellaris – S. penangiana – S. perrieri – S. pinnata – S. polyantha – S. pulchra – S. punctulata – S. racemosa – S. reticulata – S. retusa – S. rhopalophora – S. rodriguesiana – S. rubra – S. schatzii – S. schimperiana – S. schinziana – S. schweinfurthii – S. scortechinii – S. siamensis – S. sinica – S. socotrana – S. sparsiflora – S. spirei – S. stuhlmannii – S. sulfurea – S. sumatrana – S. supranervis – S. tenuifolia – S. thouarsii – S. timorensis – S. toxocarpoides – S. trichostemon – S. triflora – S. tsingycola – S. tuberculata – S. unciformis – S. uncinata – S. uniflora – S. urceolata – S. urdanetensis – S. valvata – S. varia – S. variicolor – S. venosa – S. volubilis
Name

Secamone R.Br., Prodr. 464. (1810)
Lectotype species: Secamone emetica (Retz.) R.Br. ex Schult., vide Phillips (1951)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Secamone sect. Eusecamone K.Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(2): 262. 1895 [1], nom. inval.

Heterotypic
Rhynchostigma Benth. in Benth. & Hook.f., Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 12: 77. 1876.
Lectotype species: Rhynchostigma racemosum Benth., vide Bullock (1962: 194)

References
Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 464. 464.
Bullock, A.A. 1962. Notes on African Asclepiadaceae: IX. Kew Bulletin 15: 193–206.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Secamone in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Secamone. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 3 2017.
Phillips, E.P. 1951. Gen. S. African Fl. Pl., ed 2, 605.

Secamone is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1810.[1][2] It is widespread across much of Africa, northern Australia, southern Asia, with numerous species endemic to Madagascar.[3][4][5][6][7]

Species[8]

Secamone africana - C Africa
Secamone afzelii - W + C Africa
Secamone alba - Madagascar
Secamone alpini - S + E Africa
Secamone angustifolioides - Madagascar
Secamone ankarensis - Madagascar
Secamone astephana - Madagascar
Secamone attenuifolia - Tanzania
Secamone australis - Madagascar
Secamone bemarahensis - Madagascar
Secamone betamponensis - Madagascar
Secamone bicolor - Madagascar
Secamone bifida - Madagascar
Secamone bonii - Hainan, Vietnam
Secamone bosseri - Madagascar
Secamone brachystigma - Madagascar
Secamone brevicoronata - Madagascar
Secamone brevipes - C Africa
Secamone buxifolia - Madagascar
Secamone capitata - Madagascar
Secamone castanea - Madagascar
Secamone cloiselii - Madagascar
Secamone crassifolia - Peninsular Malaysia
Secamone cristata - Madagascar
Secamone delagoensis - Mozambique, KwaZulu-Natal
Secamone dequairei - Madagascar
Secamone dewevrei - C Africa
Secamone dilapidans - Réunion, Mauritius
Secamone discolor - Madagascar
Secamone dolichorhachys - Madagascar
Secamone drepanoloba - Madagascar
Secamone ecoronata - Madagascar
Secamone elegans - Madagascar
Secamone elliottii - Madagascar
Secamone elliptica - China, SE Asia, Queensland
Secamone emetica - India
Secamone erythradenia - C Africa
Secamone falcata - Madagascar
Secamone ferruginea - S China, Indochina
Secamone filiformis - Madagascar, Limpopo
Secamone frutescens - Eastern Cape Province
Secamone fryeri - Aldabra, Comoros
Secamone geayi - Madagascar
Secamone gerrardii - South Africa
Secamone glaberrima - Madagascar
Secamone goyderi - Gabon
Secamone gracilis - Kenya
Secamone grandiflora - Madagascar
Secamone humbertii - Madagascar
Secamone jongkindii - Madagascar
Secamone laxa - Madagascar
Secamone leonensis - Sierra Leone
Secamone letouzeana - Gabon
Secamone ligustrifolia - Madagascar
Secamone likiangensis - Yunnan
Secamone linearifolia - Madagascar
Secamone linearis - Madagascar
Secamone marsupiata - Madagascar
Secamone minutifolia - Madagascar
Secamone nervosa - Madagascar
Secamone obovata - Madagascar
Secamone oleaefolia - Madagascar
Secamone pachyphylla - Madagascar
Secamone pachystigma - Madagascar
Secamone parvifolia - SE + S Africa
Secamone pedicellaris - Madagascar
Secamone perrieri - Madagascar
Secamone pinnata - Madagascar
Secamone polyantha - Madagascar
Secamone pulchra - Madagascar
Secamone punctulata - Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda
Secamone racemosa - C + EC Africa
Secamone reticulata - Madagascar
Secamone retusa - Tanzania, Kenya
Secamone rodriguesiana - Rodrigues Island in Indian Ocean
Secamone rubra - Madagascar
Secamone salicifolia - Mauritius
Secamone schatzii - Madagascar
Secamone schimperiana - Seychelles
Secamone schinziana - Madagascar
Secamone sinica - S China
Secamone sparsiflora - Madagascar
Secamone stenophylla - Burundi
Secamone stuhlmannii - Tanzania, Zaire, Ethiopia
Secamone sulfurea - Madagascar
Secamone supranervis - Madagascar
Secamone tenuifolia - Madagascar
Secamone thouarsii - Madagascar
Secamone toxocarpoides - Madagascar
Secamone triflora - Madagascar
Secamone tsingycola - Madagascar
Secamone tuberculata - Madagascar
Secamone unciformis - Madagascar
Secamone uncinata - Madagascar
Secamone uniflora - Madagascar
Secamone urceolata - Madagascar
Secamone valvata - Madagascar
Secamone varia - Madagascar
Secamone venosa - Madagascar
Secamone volubilis - Réunion, Mauritius

formerly included[8]

moved to other genera (Genianthus, Metastelma, Toxocarpus)

S. fulva now Genianthus crassifolius
S. insularis now Toxocarpus insularis
S. laurifolia now Genianthus laurifolius
S. macrophylla now Genianthus macrophyllus
S. macrophylla var. fulva now Genianthus crassifolius
S. occidentalis now Metastelma occidentale
S. rectinervis now Genianthus rectinervis
S. syringifolia now Genianthus ellipticus
S. villosa now Toxocarpus villosus
S. wightiana now Toxocarpus wightianus

of uncertain affinity[8]

Secamone acuminata
Secamone acutifolia
Secamone aegyptiaca
Secamone amygdalina
Secamone andamanica
Secamone andamanica
Secamone auriculata
Secamone axillaris
Secamone badia
Secamone blumei
Secamone canescens
Secamone caudata
Secamone celebica
Secamone clavistyla
Secamone conostyla
Secamone coronata
Secamone cuneifolia
Secamone curtisii
Secamone finlaysoni
Secamone flavida
Secamone floribunda
Secamone galinae
Secamone glabrescens
Secamone griffithii
Secamone kirkii
Secamone kjellbergii
Secamone kleinii
Secamone kunstleri
Secamone lagenifera
Secamone langkawiensis
Secamone lenticellata
Secamone lineata
Secamone longituba
Secamone macrostachya
Secamone maritima
Secamone mauritiana
Secamone micrandra
Secamone minutiflora
Secamone mombasica
Secamone multiflora
Secamone neocaledonica
Secamone ovata
Secamone papuana
Secamone penangiana
Secamone phillyreoides
Secamone platystigma
Secamone rariflora
Secamone rhopalophora
Secamone rubiginosa
Secamone sansibariensis
Secamone schweinfurthii
Secamone scortechinii
Secamone siamensis
Secamone siamica
Secamone socotrana
Secamone spirei
Secamone sumatrana
Secamone szechuanensis
Secamone thunbergii
Secamone timoriensis
Secamone trichostemon
Secamone urdanetensis
Secamone usambarica
Secamone variicolor
Secamone vestita
Secamone whytei
Secamone zambesiaca

References

Brown, Robert. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 464 in Latin
Tropicos, genus Secamone
Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 200 鲫鱼藤属 ji yu teng shu Secamone R. Brown, Prodr. 464. 1810.
Choux, P. 1931. Asclepiadaceae. Catalogue des Plantes de Madagascar, Asclepiadaceae 1(9): 5–24.
Choux, P. 1926. Le genre Secamone a Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache 1(1): 3–28.
Klackenberg, J. 1992. Taxonomy of Secamone s. lat. (Asclepiadaceae) in the Madagascar Region. Opera Botanica 112: 1–127.
Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
The Plant List, genus Secamone

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