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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Serapias
Overview of species (16)

S. athwaghlisia – S. bergonii – S. cordigera – S. frankavillae – S. guadinae – S. lingua – S. maria – S. neglecta – S. nurrica – S. olbia – S. orientalis – S. parviflora – S. perez-chiscanoi – S. politisii – S. strictiflora – S. vomeracea
S. feldwegiana - S. levantina - S. lingua - S. neglecta - S. orientalis - S. parviflora - S. perez-chiscanoi -

Nothospecies: (27)

S. × alberti – S. × ambigua – S. × barsellae – S. × broeckii – S. × cypria – S. × demadesii – S. × euxina – S. × fallax – S. × garganica – S. × godferyi – S. × halacsyana – S. × hildae-margaritae – S. × intermedia – S. × kelleri – S. × liana – S. × lupiensis – S. × meridionalis – S. × occidentalis – S. × oulmesiaca – S. × provincialis – S. × pulae – S. × rainei – S. × sitiae – S. × todaroi – S. × venhuisia – S. × walravensiana – S. × wettsteinii
Name

Serapias L., Sp. Pl.: 950 (1753)

Type species: Serapias lingua L., Sp. Pl.: 950 (1753)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Isias De Not., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, II, 6: 413 (1844)
Lonchitis Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 50 (1901)
Serapiastrum A.A.Eaton, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 21: 67 (1908)

Homonym

Serapias Pers., Synopsis Plantarum 2: 512. (1807), nom. illeg.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Europe
Northern Europe (introduced)
Great Britain (introduced).
Middle Europe
Austria, Switzerland.
Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Africa
Northern Africa
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Macaronesia
Azores, Canary Islands.
Asia-Temperate
Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 949.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 364 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Serapias in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 November 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Serapias in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 November 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Serapias. Published online. Accessed: 30 November 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Serapias in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 November 30.
Tropicos.org 2018. Serapias. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 November 30.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Zungenstendel
перем коми: Серапиас
коми: Серапиас
кырык мары: Серапиас
Nederlands: Tongorchis
русский: Серапиас
Türkçe: Sağırkulağı
удмурт: Серапиас

Serapias is a genus of terrestrial orchids that can be found all over southern Europe to Asia Minor. The genus was named after Serapis, a syncretic Hellenistic-Egyptian god in Antiquity. Serapias have spurless flowers and usually go dormant during the winter seasons.
Species

Serapias bergonii
Serapias cordigera
Serapias cossyrensis
Serapias istriaca
Serapias levantina
Serapias lingua
Serapias neglecta
Serapias nurrica
Serapias olbia
Serapias orientalis
Serapias parviflora
Serapias perez-chiscanoi
Serapias politisii
Serapias strictiflora
Serapias vomeracea

Natural hybrids

Serapias × albertii (S. neglecta × S. vomeracea)
Serapias × ambigua (S. cordigera × S. lingua)
Serapias × ambigua nothosubsp ambigua (S. cordigera × S. lingua)
Serapias × ambigua nothosubsp panormosana (S. cordigera subsp. cretica × S. lingua)
Serapias × cypria (S. bergonii × S. orientalis subsp. levantina)
Serapias × euxina (S. bergonii × S. orientalis)
Serapias × garganica (S. orientalis × S. vomeracea)
Serapias × godferyi (S. cordigera × S. neglecta)
Serapias × halacsyana (S. bergonii × S. cordigera)
Serapias × halicarnassia (S. bergonii × S. orientalis subsp. carica)
Serapias × intermedia (S. lingua × S. vomeracea)
Serapias × kelleri (S. cordigera × S. vomeracea)
Serapias × lupiensis (S. lingua × S. politisii)
Serapias × meridionalis (S. lingua × S. neglecta)
Serapias × oulmesiaca (S. lingua × S. cordigera subsp. cordigera)
Serapias × provincialis (S. cordigera × S. olbia)
Serapias × pulae (S. istriaca × S. lingua)
Serapias × rainei (S. cordigera × S. parviflora)
Serapias × todaroi (S. lingua × S. parviflora)
Serapias × walravensiana (S. orientalis subsp. carica × S. lingua)

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