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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Sesbanieae
Genus: Sesbania
Species: S. benthamiana – S. bispinosa – S. brachycarpa – S. brevipeduncula – S. burbidgeae – S. campylocarpa – S. cannabina – S. chippendalei – S. cinerascens – S. coccinea – S. coerulescens – S. concolor – S. dalzielii – S. drummondii – S. dummeri – S. erubescens – S. exasperata – S. formosa – S. goetzei – S. grandiflora – S. greenwayi – S. hepperi – S. herbacea – S. hirtistyla – S. hobdyi – S. javanica – S. keniensis – S. leptocarpa – S. longifolia – S. macowaniana – S. macrantha – S. macroptera – S. madagascariensis – S. mannii – S. melanocaulis – S. microphylla – S. mossambicensis – S. muelleri – S. notialis – S. oligosperma – S. pachycarpa – S. paucisemina – S. procumbens – S. punicea – S. quadrata – S. rostrata – S. sericea – S. sesban – S. simpliciuscula – S. somalensis – S. speciosa – S. sphaerocarpa – S. subalata – S. sudanica – S. tetraptera – S. tomentosa – S. transvaalensis – S. uliginosa – S. vesicaria – S. virgata – S. wildemannii
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Sesbania in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 30. Reference page.

Name

Sesbania Scop., 1777

Type species: Aeschynomene sesban L.

Synonyms

Agati Adans., Fam. 2: 326 (1763)
Darwinia Raf., Fl. Ludov. 106 (1817)
Daubentonia DC., Mem. Leg. 285 (1825)
Daubentoniopsis Rydb., Am. Journ. Bot., 10: 497 (1923)
Monoplectra Raf., Fl. Ludov. 106 (1817)
Resupinaria Raf., Sylva Tellur. 115 (1838)
Sesban Adans., Fam. 2: 327 (1763)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Tropical & Subtropical
Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Republic, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
Introduced into:
Aruba, Belgium, Cayman Is., Central European Russia, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Egypt, Guyana, Inner Mongolia, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazan-retto, Maldives, Mexico Northwest, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, Nicobar Is., Palestine, Primorye, Rodrigues, Seychelles, Sinai, Southwest Caribbean, Taiwan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Scopoli, I.A. 1777. Introductio ad historiam naturalem sistens genera lapidum, plantarum, et animalium hactenus detecta, caracteribus essentialibus donata, in tribus divisa, subinde ad leges naturae. 540 pp. Apud Wolfgangum Gerle, Pragae [Prague]. BHL Reference page. : 308

Additional references

Farruggia, F.T. & Wojciechowski, M.F. (2021). Personal Communication on Fabaceae, Sesbania. 1.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Sesbania in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Sesbania. Published online. Accessed: May 30 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Sesbania. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 30.
Hassler, M. 2021. Sesbania. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 30. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Sesbania. Accessed: 30 May 2021.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Sesbaniya
čeština: Sesbánie
English: riverhemp
suomi: Kolibrinpavut
עברית: ססבניה
日本語: 세스반속
മലയാളം: సెస్బానియా
polski: Turi
русский: Сесбания
ไทย: โสน
Tiếng Việt: Chi Điền thanh
中文: 田菁属

Sesbania is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, and the only genus found in tribe Sesbanieae. Riverhemp is a common name for plants in this genus.[2] Notable species include the rattlebox (Sesbania punicea), spiny sesbania (Sesbania bispinosa), and Sesbania sesban, which is used in cooking. Plants of this genus, some of which are aquatic, can be used in alley cropping to increase the soil's nitrogen content. The species of rhizobia responsible for nitrogen fixation in Sesbania rostrata is Azorhizobium caulinodans.

Some 60 species are currently accepted, with about 39 still unresolved. The largest number of species are found in Africa, and the remainder in Australia, Hawaii, and Asia.[3]

Fossil record

Fossil seed pods from the upper Oligocene resembling Sesbania have been found in the Hungarian locality of Eger Wind-brickyard. The fossil species grew in a swampy and riparian environment.[4]
List of species

Sesbania benthamiana
Sesbania bispinosa (Jacq.) W.Wight
Sesbania brachycarpa
Sesbania brevipedunculata
Sesbania campylocarpa
Sesbania cannabina Poir.
Sesbania chippendalei
Sesbania cinerascens
Sesbania coerulescens
Sesbania concolor
Sesbania dalzielii
Sesbania drummondii (Rydb.) Cory
Sesbania dummeri
Sesbania emerus (Aubl.) Urban – coffeebean
Sesbania erubescens
Sesbania exasperata
Sesbania formosa
Sesbania goetzei
Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.
Sesbania greenwayi
Sesbania hepperi
Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh – bigpod sesbania
Sesbania hirtistyla
Sesbania hobdyi
Sesbania javanica
Sesbania keniensis
Sesbania leptocarpa
Sesbania longifolia
Sesbania macowaniana
Sesbania macrantha
Sesbania macroptera
Sesbania madagascariensis
Sesbania microphylla
Sesbania notialis
Sesbania oligosperma
Sesbania pachycarpa
Sesbania paucisemina
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. – rattlebox
Sesbania quadrata
Sesbania rostrata
Sesbania sericea (Willd.) Link – papagayo
Sesbania sesban (Jacq.) W.Wight – Egyptian riverhemp
Sesbania simpliciuscula
Sesbania somaliensis
Sesbania speciosa
Sesbania sphaerosperma
Sesbania subalata
Sesbania sudanica
Sesbania tetraptera
Sesbania tomentosa Hook. & Arn. – Ōhai (Hawaii)
Sesbania transvaalensis J.B.Gillett
Sesbania vesicaria (Jacq.) Elliott
Sesbania virgata (Cav.) Pers. – wand riverhemp[5][6]

References

"Genus: Sesbania Scop". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
"Sesbania". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
"The distribution of Sesbania species in the PANESA region". fao.org.
Distribution of Legumes in the Tertiary of Hungary by L. Hably, Advances in Legume Systematics: Part 4, The Fossil Record, Ed. P.S. Herendeen & Dilcher, 1992, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, ISBN 0 947643 40 0
"GRIN Species Records of Sesbania". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
"Sesbania". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-01.

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