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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Marcgraviaceae
Subfamilia: Noranteoideae
Genus: Souroubea
Name

Souroubea Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 244, t. 97. 1775.

Type species: Souroubea guianensis Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 244. 1775.

Synonymy

Homotypic
Loghania Scop., Introd. Hist. Nat.: 236. 1777, nom. illeg. superfl., nom. rej. – non Logania R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 454. 1810, nom. cons.
Logania J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis], 2(1): 422. 1791, orth. var. – non Logania R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 454. 1810, nom. cons.
Surubea J.St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Nat. 2: 355. 1805, orth. var.

Overview of species
Accepted species

S. bicolor – S. corallina – S. crassipes – S. crassipetala – S. dasystachya – S. didyma – S. exauriculata – S. fragilis – S. gilgii – S. guianensis – S. intermedia – S. loczyi – S. pachyphylla – S. peruviana – S. platyadenia – S. stichadenia – S. sympetala – S. vallicola – S. venosa
⧼Source(s) of checklist⧽:
List based on accepted species according to checklists from Mesoamerica, Antioquia (Colombia), Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, the Guiana Shield, and Brazil as well as to Giraldo-Cañas (2011), and Hammel (2007) – see references.
Names in synonymy

Loghania pentacrina – Souroubea amazonica – S. aubletii – S. auriculata – S. bahiensis – S. belizensis – S. carcerea – S. jinotegensis – S. lepidota – S. meyeri – S. micrantha – S. pileata – S. pilophora – S. puberula – S. spixiana – S. suaveolens – S. triandra
Unresolved name

S. brachystachya
⧼Source(s) of checklist⧽:
List of unresolved names based on all names from IPNI that are not confirmed either as correct names of accepted species or as synonyms.
Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast,
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama,
Northern South America
French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela,
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru,
Brazil
Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

De Roon, A.C. 1970. Family 121. Marcgraviaceae. In Woodson, R.E., Jr., Schery, R.W. & Collaborators, Flora of Panama, part VI. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 57: 29–50. BHL Reference page.
De Roon, A.C. & Dressler, S. 2007. Marcgraviaceae. In Funk, V., Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C. & Alexander, S.N., Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 396–397. BHL Reference page.
Dressler, S. 2001. Marcgraviaceae. Pp. 248–260 in Steyermark, J.A. (†), Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 6, Liliaceae–Myrsinaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. ISBN 0-915279-81-9. Reference page.
Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Las Marcgraviaceae de Colombia: Inventario, diversidad, endemismo y distribución. Bioetnia 8: 28–39. PDF Reference page.
Hammel, B.E. 2007. Marcgraviaceae. Pp. 374–391 in Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.), Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. VI, Dicotiledóneas (Haloragaceae–Phytolaccaceae). Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. ISBN 978-1-930723-60-3. Reference page.
Macbride, J.F. 1956. Marcgraviaceae. In Flora of Peru. Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/2): 703–717. BHL Reference page.
Standley, P.C. & Williams, L.O. 1961. Marcgraviaceae. In Flora of Guatemala – Part VII, Number 1. Fieldiana: Botany 24(7/1): 16–23. BHL Reference page.
Utley, J.F. 1984. Marcgraviaceae. In Flora de Veracruz, Fasc. 38. 15 pp. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos Ecología, Xalapa, Veracruz. PDF Reference page.
Utley, J.F. 2001. Marcgraviaceae Bercht. & J. Presl. Pp. 1335–1338 in Stevens, W.D., Ulloa Ulloa, C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (eds.), Flora de Nicaragua, Vol. 2, Angiospermas (Fabaceae–Oxalidaceae). (Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85). Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, ISBN 0-915279-95-9. Online Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Souroubea. Published online. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Souroubea in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2016 January 05.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Souroubea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2016-01-05.
Tropicos.org 2016. Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Tropicos.org: Flora Mesoamericana: Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Tropicos.org: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia): Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Tropicos.org: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Tropicos.org: Peru Checklist: Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Tropicos.org: Bolivia Catalogue: Souroubea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 January 2016.
Souroubea in Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Accessed: 05 January 2016.

Souroubea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Marcgraviaceae, native to southern Mexico, Central America, Trinidad, and northern South America.[2] Some species are psychophilous (pollinated by butterflies in the day), and some are sphingophilous (pollinated by moths at night).[3]
Species

Currently accepted species include:[2]

Souroubea bicolor (Benth.) de Roon
Souroubea corallina (Mart.) de Roon
Souroubea crassipes (Triana & Planch.) Wittm.
Souroubea crassipetala de Roon
Souroubea dasystachya Gilg & Werderm.
Souroubea didyma Gilg
Souroubea exauriculata Delpino
Souroubea fragilis de Roon
Souroubea gilgii V.A.Richt.
Souroubea guianensis Aubl.
Souroubea intermedia de Roon
Souroubea loczyi (V.A.Richt.) de Roon
Souroubea pachyphylla Gilg
Souroubea peruviana Gilg
Souroubea platyadenia (Gilg) de Roon
Souroubea stichadenia de Roon
Souroubea sympetala Gilg
Souroubea vallicola Woodson ex de Roon
Souroubea venosa Schery

References

Hist. Pl. Guiane: 244 (1775)
"Souroubea Aubl". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
Machado, I. (2000). "Souroubea guianensis Aubl.: Quest for its Legitimate Pollinator and the First Record of Tapetal Oil in the Marcgraviaceae". Annals of Botany. 85 (6): 705–711. doi:10.1006/anbo.2000.1120.

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