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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Ixoroideae
Tribus: Gardenieae
Genus: Sphinctanthus
Species: S. acutilobus – S. aurantiacus – S. fluvii-dulcis – S. hasslerianus – S. insignis – S. maculatus – S. microphyllus – S. polycarpus – S. striiflorus
Name

Sphinctanthus Benth., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 212. (1841)

Type species: Sphinctanthus rupestris Benth., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 212 (1841) vide Sphinctanthus striiflorus (DC.) Hook.f. ex K.Schum. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 6(6): 356. (1889)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Conosiphon Poepp. in E.F.Poeppig & S.L.Endlicher, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 27. (1841).

References

Bentham, G. 1841. Journal of Botany, (Being a Second Series of the Botanical Miscellany), Containing Figures and Descriptions 3: 212.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Sphinctanthus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Mar. 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Sphinctanthus. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 22 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Sphinctanthus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 Mar. 2020.Sphinctanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae, native to tropical South America.[2] It is in a clade with Rosenbergiodendron and Tocoyena.[3]
Species

Currently accepted species include:[2]

Sphinctanthus acutilobus Huber
Sphinctanthus aurantiacus (Standl.) Fagerl.
Sphinctanthus fluvii-dulcis Delprete & C.H.Perss.
Sphinctanthus hasslerianus Chodat
Sphinctanthus insignis Steyerm.
Sphinctanthus maculatus Spruce ex K.Schum.
Sphinctanthus microphyllus K.Schum.
Sphinctanthus polycarpus (H.Karst.) Hook.f.
Sphinctanthus striiflorus (DC.) Hook.f. ex K.Schum.

References

J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 212 (1841)
"Sphinctanthus Benth". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
Gustafsson, Claes; Persson, Claes (2002). "Phylogenetic Relationships among Species of the Neotropical Genus Randia (Rubiaceae, Gardenieae) Inferred from Molecular and Morphological Data". Taxon. 51 (4): 661–674. doi:10.2307/1555021. JSTOR 1555021.

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