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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Aizoaceae
Genus: Stayneria
Species: S. littlewoodii – S. neilii
Name

Stayneria L.Bolus, 1960.
References

The International Plant Names Index Stayneria.
Bolus, Harriet Margaret Louisa, 1960: Journal of South African Botany. Kirstenbosch, xxvii. 47.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Stayneria. .

Stayneria (or 'White-flowered Mesemb'[2][3]) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Aizoaceae.[4] It just contains one species, Stayneria neilii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus[4] It is in the Subfamily of Ruschioideae and Tribe of Ruschieae.[5]

It is native to the Cape Provinces of the South African Republic.[4] It grows on acid, quartzitic sandstone soil among rocks with taller shrubby vegetation.[6]

Conservation status

It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red Data List due to habitat loss caused by the expansion of nearby vineyards.[6]
Description

Stayneria neilii is a stout woody shrub of up to 1.5 m in height, bearing reddish brown stems with persistent hardened remains of old leaves. The stem-clasping leaves are dark green, three-sided with a sharp bottom edge and smell like berries. Fragrant leaves in the Aizoaceae family are uncommon and therefore this is an almost unique characteristic rarely found in other genera. Small daisy-like white to pink flowers are arranged in terminal groups of three to seven and borne during the winter and early spring (July to September in the southern hemisphere).[6]
Taxonomy

The genus name of Stayneria is in honour of Frank J. Stayner (1907–1981), a South African horticulturist and specialist in succulents. He was also the curator at the Karoo botanical garden.[7][8] The Latin specific epithet of neilii refers to the 20th century South African dairy farmer and nurseryman Mr Neil.[6] The genus was first described and published in J. S. African Bot. Vol.27 on page 47 in 1960.[4] The species was published in J. S. African Bot. Vol.33 on page 306 in 1967.[1]

The genus is recognized by the United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service, but they do not list any known species.[9]
References

"Stayneria neilii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
"White-flowered Mesemb (Stayneria neilii)". iNaturalist Canada. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
"White-Flowered Mesemb (Stayneria neilii) - Plants | Candide Gardening". Candide. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
"Stayneria L.Bolus | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
Hartmann, H. E. K. (January 2017). Aizoaceae. pp. 1177–1178.
"Stayneria neilii | PlantZAfrica". pza.sanbi.org. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
"Stayneria | CasaBio". casabio.org. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
Burkhardt, Lotte (2018). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen – Erweiterte Edition [Index of Eponymic Plant Names – Extended Edition] (pdf) (in German). Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Freie Universität Berlin. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
"Genus Stayneria L. Bolus". npgsweb.ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 18 December 2021.

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