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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Subtribus: Cenchrinae
Genus: Stenotaphrum
Species: S. clavigerum – S. dimidiatum – S. helferi – S. oostachyum – S. secundatum – S. unilaterale

Stenotaphrum Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 175 (1820)
Type species: Stenotaphrum dimidiatum (L.) Brongn. in L.I.Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan.: 127 (1832)


Ophiurinella Desv., Mém. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 179 (1831)
Diastemanthe Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 360 (1854)


Trinius, C.B. von (1820) Fundamenta Agrostographiae 175.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Stenotaphrum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 30. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Stenotaphrum. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 30.
Tropicos.org 2013. Stenotaphrum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 30.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Stenotaphrum. Published online. Accessed: 30 Nov. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: St. Augustine Grass

Stenotaphrum is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.

The name is derived from the Greek words στενός (stenos), meaning "narrow", and τάϕρος (taphros), meaning "trench." It refers to cavities in the raceme axis.[3][4]


Stenotaphrum clavigerum Stapf – Aldabra Island and Assumption Island (both parts of Seychelles)
Stenotaphrum dimidiatum (L.) Brongn. – Pembagrass – Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa, Madagascar + other Indian Ocean islands, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Pen Malaysia
Stenotaphrum helferi Munro ex Hook.f. – Myanmar, Thailand, Pen Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan
Stenotaphrum micranthum (Desv.) C.E.Hubb – Tanzania, Queensland; various islands of Indian + Pacific Oceans + South China Sea
Stenotaphrum oostachyum Baker – Madagascar[6]
Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze – St. Augustine grass, Charleston grass, "buffalo grass" – Americas from Virginia + California to Uruguay[3][7]
Stenotaphrum unilaterale Baker – Madagascar[6]

formerly included[2]

see Parapholis

Stenotaphrum compressum – Parapholis filiformis


"Genus: Stenotaphrum Trin". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Volume III P-Z. CRC Press. pp. 2146–2148. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.
Flora of China, 钝叶草 dun ye cao Stenotaphrum helferi Munro ex J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 7: 91.
"GRIN Species Records of Stenotaphrum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
Baker, John Gilbert. 1883. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 20: 299
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map

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Biology Encyclopedia

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