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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Styracaceae
Genera: AlniphyllumBruinsmiaChangiostyraxHalesiaHuodendronMelliodendronPamphiliaParastyraxPerkinsiodendronPterostyraxRehderodendronSinojackiaStyrax

Name

Styracaceae DC. & Spreng., Elem. Philos. Pl. 140. (1821) nom. cons. only if united with Symplocaceae

Type genus: Styrax L. Sp. Pl. 1: 444. (1753)

Synonyms

Halesiaceae D. Don

References

Candolle, A.P. de & Sprengel, C.P.J. 1821. Elementa Philosophiae Botanicae. Berolinini [Berlin] 140.
Fritsch, P.W., Morton, C.M., Chen, T. & Meldrum, C. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Styracaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 162($1–$2): S95-S116. DOI: 10.1086/323418
Fritsch, P.W., Yao, X., Simison, W.B., Cruz, B.C. & Chen, T. 2016. Perkinsiodendron, a new genus in the Styracaceae based om morphology and DNA sequences. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 10(1): 109–117. [1]
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Styracaceae. Published online. Accessed: May 21 2016.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2016. Styracaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 May 21.

Vernacular names
čeština: syračovité
suomi: Storaksikasvit
հայերեն: Ստյուրակազգիներ
日本語: エゴノキ科
中文: 安息香科

The Styracaceae are a small family of flowering plants in the order Ericales, containing 12 genera and about 160 species of trees and shrubs. The family occurs in warm temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere.[1][2]

The family is characterised by spirally arranged simple leaves with no stipules; symmetrical white flowers with a corolla of two to five (sometimes seven) fused petals; and the fruit usually is a dry capsule, sometimes winged, less often a fleshy drupe, with one or two seeds.

Most are large shrubs to small trees 3–15 m tall, but Halesia monticola (H. carolina var. monticola) is larger, with trees 39 m tall known in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina.
Genera

Several genera include species popular as ornamental trees valued for their decorative white flowers. Benzoin resin, used in herbal medicine and perfumes, is extracted from the bark of Styrax species.

Genera

Alniphyllum Matsum. (three species)
Bruinsmia Boer. & Koord. (two species)
Changiostyrax C.T.Chen (one species)
Halesia J.Ellis ex L. (three to five species)
Huodendron Rehder (four species)
Melliodendron Hand.-Mazz. (one species)
Parastyrax W.W.Sm. (two species)
Perkinsiodendron P.W.Fritsch (one species)
Pterostyrax Siebold & Zucc. (four species)
Rehderodendron Hu (five species)
Sinojackia Hu (five species)
Styrax L. (about 130 species)

The genus Pamphilia, sometimes regarded as distinct, is now included within Styrax on genetic data.[1][3] Phylogenetic studies suggest Halesia is not monophyletic and one species has now been transferred to the new genus Perkinsiodendron.[4]

References

Fritsch, P.W.; Morton, C.M.; Chen, T.; Meldrum, C. (2001). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Styracaceae" (PDF). Int. J. Plant Sci. 162 (6 Suppl): S95–S116. doi:10.1086/323418. S2CID 83906894.
L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants. Styracaceae
Wallnöfer, B. (1997). "A revision of Styrax L. section Pamphilia (Mart. ex A. DC.) B. Walln. (Styracaceae)". Ann. Nathist. Mus. Wien. 99B: 681–720. JSTOR 41767084.
Fritsch, Peter; Yao, Xiaohong; Simison, W.; Cruz, B.C.; Chen, Tao (2016-07-18). "Perkinsiodendron, a new genus in the styracaceae based on morphology and DNA sequences". 10: 109–117.

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