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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Salsoloideae
Tribus: Salsoleae
Genus: Sympegma

Species: S. elegans – S. regelii


Sympegma Bunge, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 25: 371. (1879)

Type: Sympegma regelii Bunge

Native distribution areas:

Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bunge, A.v. 1879. Enumeratio Salsolacearum omnium in Mongolia hucusque collectarium. Bulletin de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St-Petersbourg, sér. 3, 25: 349–371. BHL Reference page. : 371

Additional references

Akhani, H., Edwards, G. & Roalson, E.H. 2007. Diversification of the Old World Salsoleae s.l. (Chenopodiaceae): Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis of Nuclear and Chloroplast Data Sets and a Revised Classification. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168(6): 931–956. DOI: 10.1086/518263 ResearchGate Reference page.
Zhu, G., Mosyakin, S.L. & Clemants, S.E. 2004.
'eFloras 2008. Sympegma in Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.


Hassler, M. 2019. Sympegma. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Sympegma. Published online. Accessed: May 13 2019.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Sympegma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 13. Reference page. 2019. Sympegma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 13.

Vernacular names
русский: Симпегма
中文: 合头草属, he tou cao shu

Sympegma are a genus of flowering plants in the amaranth family Amaranthaceae, native to temperate Asia. Woody subshrubs, they are often the dominant species in the high (1,800 to 2,200 m) alkaline deserts in which they live.[2]

Currently accepted species include:

Sympegma elegans G.L.Chu
Sympegma regelii Bunge


Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 25: 371 (1879)
Abd El-Ghani, Monier M.; Huerta-Martínez, Francisco Martín; Hongyan, Liu; Qureshi, Rahmatullah (2017). "Vegetation and Environment". Plant Responses to Hyperarid Desert Environments. pp. 537–544. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-59135-3_12. ISBN 978-3-319-59134-6.

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