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Symphyotrichum novi-belgii

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii, (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Astereae
Subtribus: Symphyotrichinae
Genus: Symphyotrichum
Species: Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
Varietas: S. n. var. crenifolium – S. n. var. elodes – S. n. var. litoreum – S. n. var. tardiflorus – S. n. var. villicaule
Name

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) G.L.Nesom, 1994
Synonyms

Amellus divaricatus Gaterau
Amellus novae-belgii (L.) Opiz
Aster adulterinus Willd.
Aster aestivus Dryand. ex Ait.
Aster argutus Nees
Aster bicolor Dietr. ex DC.
Aster brumalis Nees
Aster caespitosus hort. ex Lindl.
Aster crenifolius var. arcuans (Fern.) Cronquist
Aster floribundus Willd.
Aster foliaceus var. arcuans Fern.
Aster foliaceus var. sublinearis Griscom & R.J.Eaton
Aster hiemalis Nees
Aster johannensis Fern.
Aster junceus Ait.
Aster laevigatus Lam.
Aster laevis Vahl ex DC.
Aster lateralis Hort. Bonn. ex Nees
Aster laxifolius Nees
Aster laxus Torr. & A. Gray
Aster longifolius Lam.
Aster luxurians Spreng.
Aster mutabilis Dryand. ex Ait.
Aster novi-belgii L.
Aster novi-belgii var. floribundus (Willd.) DC.
Aster novi-belgii var. johannensis (Fern.) A.G. Jones
Aster novi-belgii subsp. johannensis (Fern.) A.G. Jones
Aster novi-belgii var. rosaceus J.Rousseau
Aster onustus Nees
Aster praealtus Torr. & A. Gray
Aster rolandii Shinners
Aster salicifolius Nees
Aster serotinus Willd.
Aster spectabilis Willd.
Aster squarrosulus Nees
Aster tardiflorus Willd.
Aster thyrsiflorus Hoffm.
Aster unctuosus Steud.
Aster uniflorus Moench
Aster vaurealis J.Rousseau
Aster virgineus Nees
Crinitaria humilis Hook.
Symphyotrichum longifolium (Lam.) G.L. Nesom
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. laevigatus (Lam.) B.Bock
Symphyotrichum unctuosum Nees

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
St. Pierre and Miquelon, Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Isl., Quebec), USA (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Hybrids

S. × salignum

References

(List may be incomplete)
Primary references

Nesom, G.L. 1994 publ. 1995. Review of the taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae: Astereae), emphasizing the New World species. Phytologia 77(3): 141–297. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Jones, A.G. 1984. Nomenclatural notes on Aster (Asteraceae) — II. New combinations and some transfers. Phytologia 55(6): 373–388. BHL Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Symphyotrichum novibelgii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Symphyotrichum novi-belgii. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 23 2018.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Symphyotrichum novi-belgii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 23. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2018. Symphyotrichum novi-belgii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 23.

Vernacular names
čeština: astřička novobelgická
Deutsch: Glattblatt-Aster
English: New York Aster
suomi: Syysasteri
polski: aster nowobelgijski
slovenčina: astra novobelgická

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (formerly Aster novi-belgii), commonly called New York aster,[3] is a species of flowering plant. It is the type species for Symphyotrichum, a genus in the family Asteraceae, whose species were once considered to be part of the genus Aster. Plants in both these genera are popularly known as Michaelmas daisy because they bloom around September 29, St. Michael’s Day.[not verified in body]

The Latin specific epithet novi-belgii (literally "New Belgium") refers to the 17th century Dutch colony New Netherland which was established on land currently occupied by New York state.[4]

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii grows in abandoned fields and wet meadows in eastern Canada and the northeastern United States.

Distribution

New York aster is native to eastern Canada and the eastern United States.[2]
Cultivation

This is the largest group of Michaelmas daisies, with over 1,000 named cultivars.[citation needed] They are valued for their late summer color in shades of blue, pink and white. They are best planted in an open, sunny position, and they are susceptible to fungal infections, especially if conditions are not ideal.[citation needed] The cultivars 'Coombe Fishacre'[5] and 'Fellowship'[6] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Etymology

The Latin-derived specific epithet novi-belgii means "from New York", which was formerly named Novum Belgium ("New Belgium").[7]
Citations

NatureServe 2021.
POWO 2019.
Brouillet et al. 2006.
Harrison 2012.
Royal Horticultural Society n.d.a.
Royal Horticultural Society n.d.b.

Gledhill 2008.

References

Brouillet, L.; Semple, J.C.; Allen, G.A.; Chambers, K.L.; Sundberg, S.D. (2006). "Symphyotrichum novi-belgii". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 20. New York and Oxford. Retrieved 18 July 2021 – via eFloras.
Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants. Cambridge University Press. p. 275. ISBN 9780521866453.
Harrison, L. (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.
NatureServe (2 July 2021). "Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Longleaf Aster". explorer.natureserve.org. Arlington, Virginia. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
POWO (2019). "Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) G.L.Nesom". www.plantsoftheworldonline.org. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
Royal Horticultural Society (n.d.a). "RHS Plant Finder - Symphyotrichum 'Coombe Fishacre'". www.rhs.org.uk. London. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
Royal Horticultural Society (n.d.b). "RHS Plant Finder - Symphyotrichum novi-belgii 'Fellowship'". www.rhs.org.uk. London. Retrieved 5 March 2021.

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