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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Araceae
Subfamilia: Orontioideae
Genus: Symplocarpus
Species: S. egorovii – S. foetidus – S. nabekuraensis – S. renifolius – †S. hoffmaniae

Symplocarpus Salisb. ex W.P.C.Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 124. 1817.

USDA: GRIN Taxonomy for Plants (5 October 2007)
Bogner, Josef Johnson, Kirk R. Kvacek, Zlatko & Upchurch, Garland R. Jr.(2007). "New fossil leaves of Araceae from the Late Cretaceous and Paleogene of western North America". Zitteliana 47: 133–147

Vernacular names
suomi: Haisuhuput

Symplocarpus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to United States, Canada and eastern Asia.[1][2] The genus is characterized by having large leaves and deep root systems with contractile roots used for changing the plant's level with the ground. Symplocarpus species grow from a rhizome and their leaves release a foul odor when crushed.[3][4][5]

The best known species is Symplocarpus foetidus, commonly called "skunk cabbage".[3]

Symplocarpus egorovii N.S.Pavlova & V.A.Nechaev - Primorye region of Russia
Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. ex W.P.C.Barton - southeastern Canada and northeastern United States, from Tennessee to Minnesota and Nova Scotia[6]
Symplocarpus nabekuraensis Otsuka & K.Inoue - Mt. Nabekura in west-central Honshu in Japan
Symplocarpus nipponicus Makino - Korea, northern Japan, northeastern China
Symplocarpus renifolius Schott ex Tzvelev - Russian Far East, Korea, northern Japan, northeastern China


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Flora of North America Vol. 22, Symplocarpus foetidus (Linnaeus) Salisbury ex W. P. C. Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 123. 1817.
Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 5, 臭菘属 chou song shu, Symplocarpus Salisbury ex W. P. C. Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U. S. 1: 124. 1817.
Bown, Deni (2000). Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7.
Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map

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Biology Encyclopedia

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