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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Talinaceae
Genus: Talinum
Species: T. arnotii – T. caffrum – T. crispatulum – T. domingense – T. fruticosum – T. galapagosum – T. lineare – T. nocturnum – T. paniculatum – T. polygaloides – T. porphyreum – T. portulacifolium – T. rostratum – T. tenuissimum

Name

Talinum Adans. Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 245 (609). (1763) nom. et typ. cons.

Type species: Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss. Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 312. (1789)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Helianthemoides Medik. Philos. Bot. 1: 95. (1789)
Type species: Helianthemoides patens (L.) Medik. Philos. Bot. 1: 95. (1789)
Litanum Nieuwl. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 90. (1915)
Type species: Litanum parviflorum (Nutt.) Nieuwl. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 90. (1915)

Homonyms

Talinum Juss. Gen. Pl. 312. (1789) nom. illeg. hom.
Talinium Raf. Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 175. (1818) orth. var.

Note: Now excludes Phemeranthus Raf. which is now included in Montiaceae
References

Adanson, M. 1763. Familles des Plantes (Adanson) 2: 245 609.
Hershkovitz, M.A. 1991. Taxonomic notes on Cistanthe, Calandrinia, and Talinum (Portulacaceae). Phytologia 70(3): 209-225. PDF Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2017. Talinum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Apr. 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Talinum. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 29 2017.
Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. 2010. Disintegrating Portulacaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59(1): 227–240. Abstract. Full text (PDF). Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2017. Talinum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Apr. 29.

Vernacular names
English: Fameflower

Talinum is a genus of herbaceous succulent plants in the family Talinaceae (formerly in the family Portulacaceae) whose common names include fameflower and flameflower. Several species bear edible leaves, and Talinum fruticosum is widely grown in tropical regions as a leaf vegetable. Talinum paniculatum is grown as an ornamental plant.

Selected species

Talinum caffrum (Thunb.) Eckl. & Zeyh.[2]
Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss.
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn.[3]

Talinum fruticosum in Singapore
Formerly placed here

Calandrinia ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. (as T. ciliatum Ruiz & Pav)
Phemeranthus calcaricus (S. Ware)
Phemeranthus mengesii (W.Wolf) Kiger (as T. mengesii W.Wolf)
Phemeranthus parviflorus (Nutt.) Kiger (as T. parviflorum Nutt.)
Lewisia pygmaea (A.Gray) B.L.Rob. (as T. pygmaeum A.Gray)
Phemeranthus rugospermus (Holz.) Kiger (as T. rugospermum Holz.)
Phemeranthus spinescens (Torr.) Hershk. (as T. spinescens Torr.)
Montiopsis umbellata (Ruiz & Pav.) D.I.Ford (as T. umbellatum Ruiz & Pav.)

References

"Talinum Adans". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-28. Archived from the original on 2009-05-07. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
"urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:699483-1". Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. [Ecklon & Zeyher]. IPNI. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
"Species Records of Talinum ". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2010-06-19.

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