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Teucrium chamaedrys

Teucrium chamaedrys, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Ajugoideae
Genus: Teucrium
Species: Teucrium chamaedrys
Subspecies: T. c. subsp. chamaedrys – T. c. subsp. lydium – T. c. subsp. sinuatum – T. c. subsp. syspirense – T. c. subsp. tauricola – T. c. subsp. trapezunticum
Name

Teucrium chamaedrys L.
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 565. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Teucrium chamaedrys in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Adi məryəmnoxudu
català: Alzineta
čeština: ožanka kalamandra
Cymraeg: Chwerwlys y mur
dansk: Ædel-Kortlæbe, Ædel Kortlæbe
Deutsch: Edel-Gamander
English: wall germander
español: zamarrilla de los muros, camaedrio, camedrio, carmesio, carrasquilla, encinilla, germandrina, hierba del carmesio, beltronica, beltrónica, betónica menor, camédreo, camedreos, camedrio, camedrios, camedro, carmesio, carrasquilla, carrasquilla macho verdadero, encinillas, encinilla solitaria, germandria, pata de gallo, poliol ancho, roblecillo, sanguinaria, siete sangrías, trixago, yerba del carmesio
suomi: Tammiteurikka
français: Germandrée petit-chêne, Germandree petit chene, Germandrée Petit Chêne
hornjoserbsce: Prawa dubčica
italiano: Camedrio comune
kurdî: Qeselmehmûd
Nederlands: Echte Gamander
polski: Ożanka właściwa
русский: Дубравник обыкновенный, Дубровник обыкновенный
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Podubica, Dubčica, Dubačac
slovenčina: hrdobarka obyčajná
српски / srpski: Подубица, Дубчица, Дубачац, Зубатац
svenska: Gamander
Türkçe: Dalak otu, Adi kısamahmut
українська: Самосил гайовий

Teucrium chamaedrys, the wall germander,[1] is a species of ornamental plant native to Mediterranean region of Europe and North Africa, and to the Middle East as far east as Iran.[2][3][4][5] It was historically used as a medicinal herb for the treatment of gout and sometimes as a component of Venice treacle.

Subspecies

Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. albarracinii (Pau) Rech.f. - France, Spain
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. algeriense Rech.f. - Algeria
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys - central + southern Europe, Caucasus, Turkey, Iran
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. germanicum (F.Herm.) Rech.f. - France, Germany
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. gracile (Batt.) Rech.f. - Algeria, Morocco
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. lydium O.Schwarz - Greece, Turkey
Teucrium chamaedrys var. multinodum Bordz. - Caucasus
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. nuchense (K.Koch) Rech.f. - Caucasus
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. olympicum Rech.f. - Greece
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. pectinatum Rech.f. - France, Italy
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. pinnatifidum (Sennen) Rech.f. - France, Spain
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. sinuatum (Celak.) Rech.f. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. syspirense (K.Koch) Rech.f. - Crimea, Caucasus, Turkey, Iran, Turkmenistan
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. tauricola Rech.f. - Turkey, Syria
Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. trapezunticum Rech.f. - Caucasus, Turkey

Appearance

Wall germander is a creeping evergreen perennial 6–18 inches tall. Its scalloped, opposite leaves are 0.5–1.5 inches long, dark green, and shiny. In late summer, tubular flowers grow in whorls from the leaf axils.
Cultivation
Wall germander can be grown in USDA Zones 5–10. It may be propagated by vegetative cuttings or by the division of established clumps.

References

"Teucrium chamaedrys". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Altervista Flora Italiana
Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.

Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

Crockett, James U.; Tanner, Ogden (1977). "Herbs" (1 ed.). Alexandria, Va: Time-Life Books.

Grieve, Maud (1931). "Germander, Wall". Retrieved 2007-05-08.

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