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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Tigridieae
Genus: Tigridia
Species: T. albicans – T. alpestris – T. amatlanensis – T. atrata – T. augusta – T. bicolor – T. catarinensis – T. chiapensis – T. chrysantha – T. convoluta – T. conzattii –T. curvata – T. dugesii – T. durangensis – T. ehrenbergii – T. estelae – T. flammea – T. galanthoides – T. gracielae – T. hallbergii – T. hintonii – T. huajuapanensis – T. huyanae – T. illecebrosa – T. immaculata – T. inusitata – T. mariaetrinitatis – T. martinezii – T. matudae – T. meleagris – T. mexicana – T. minuta – T. molseediana – T. mortonii – T. multiflora – T. oaxacana – T. orthantha – T. pavonia – T. pearcei – T. philippiana – T. potosina – T. pulchella – T. purpusii – T. purruchucana – T. raimondii – T. rzedowskiana – T. seleriana – T. suarezii – T. tepoxtlana – T. vanhouttei – T. venusta – T. violacea
Name

Tigridia Juss., Gen. Pl. 57. 1789.

Type species: Tigridia pavonia (L.f.) Ker Gawl.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Ainea Ravenna, Bot. Not. 132: 467 1979.
Beatonia Herb., Bot. Mag. 66: t. 3779. 1840.
Cardiostigma Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 102. 1877.
Colima (Ravenna) Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat., Acta Bot. Mex. 65: 53 2003.
Fosteria Molseed, Brittonia 20: 232. 1968.
Hydrotaenia Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.): 69. 1838.
Tigridia subg. Hydrotaenia (Lindl.) Molseed, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 54: 32, 63. 1970.
Type species: Hydrotaenia meleagris Lindl.
Pardinia Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 30(misc): 66. 1844.
Rigidella Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26: t. 16. 1840.

Note:

The monophyly of the two subgenera (Tigridia and Hydrotaenia) is not supported by recent study (Chauveau & al. 2012).

References

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera Plantarum 57.
Chauveau, C. & al. 2012. Oil-producing flowers within the Iridoideae (Iridaceae): evolutionary trends in the flowers of the New World genera. Ann. Bot. 110 (3): 713–729 [1].
Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Tigridia in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2011 Feb 15.
Goldblatt, P. 2015. New and Validated Combinations in Tigridia (Iridaceae: Tigridieae). Novon 24(1), 14-15. DOI: 10.3417/2014016
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Tigridia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Nov. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Tigridia. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 24 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Tigridia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 24.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Tigerblumen
English: Peacock Flower
suomi: Tiikerikukat
italiano: Tigridia
Nāhuatl: Ocēlōxōchitl
svenska: Påfågelsliljesläktet
Türkçe: Kaplan zambağı

Tigridia /taɪˈɡrɪdiə/,[2] is a genus of bulbous or cormous flowering plants belonging to the family Iridaceae. With common names including peacock flowers,[3] tiger-flowers or shell flowers, they have large showy flowers; and one species, Tigridia pavonia, is often cultivated for this. The approximately 35 species in this family grow in the Americas, from Mexico to Chile.[1] The tigridia flower is short lived, each often blooming for only one day, but often several flowers will bloom from the same stalk. Usually they are dormant during the winter dry-season. The roots are edible and were eaten by the Aztecs of Mexico who called it cacomitl, and its flower ocēlōxōchitl "jaguar flower". The genus name Tigridia means "tiger-like", and alludes to the coloration and spotting of the flowers of the type species Tigridia pavonia.[4][5][6][7]
Species

[1]

Tigridia albicans Ravenna - Tacna Province in Peru
Tigridia alpestris Molseed - Mexico
Tigridia amatlanensis Aarón Rodr. & García-Mend - Oaxaca
Tigridia augusta Drapiez - central + southern Mexico
Tigridia bicolor Molseed - Oaxaca
Tigridia catarinensis Cruden - San Luis Potosí
Tigridia chiapensis Molseed ex Cruden - Chiapas
Tigridia chrysantha Cruden & S.J.Walker ex McVaugh - Jalisco
Tigridia convoluta (Ravenna) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
Tigridia conzattii (R.C.Foster) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
Tigridia dugesii S.Watson - Jalisco
Tigridia durangense Molseed ex Cruden - Durango
Tigridia ehrenbergii (Schltdl.) Molseed - Mexico
Tigridia estelae López-Ferr. & Espejo - Durango
Tigridia flammea (Lindl.) Ravenna - Michoacán
Tigridia galanthoides Molseed - southern Mexico
Tigridia gracielae Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - México State
Tigridia hallbergii Molseed - central + southern Mexico, Guatemala
Tigridia hintonii Molseed - Guerrero
Tigridia huajuapanensis Molseed ex Cruden - Oaxaca
Tigridia huyanae (J.F.Macbr.) Ravenna - Lima Province in Peru
Tigridia illecebrosa Cruden - central + southern Mexico
Tigridia immaculata (Herb.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
Tigridia inusitata (Cruden) Ravenna - Guerrero
Tigridia mariaetrinitatis Espejo & López-Ferr. - Oaxaca
Tigridia martinezii Calderón - Hidalgo
Tigridia matudae Molseed - México State
Tigridia meleagris (Lindl.) G.Nicholson - central + southern Mexico, Guatemala
Tigridia mexicana Molseed - central + southern Mexico
Tigridia minuta Ravenna - Apurímac + Ayacucho Provinces in Peru
Tigridia molseediana Ravenna - Oaxaca, Guatemala
Tigridia mortonii Molseed - México State
Tigridia multiflora (Baker) Ravenna - central + southern Mexico
Tigridia oaxacana (Molseed) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
Tigridia orthantha (Lem.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
Tigridia pavonia (L.f.) Redouté - widespread across much of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras; naturalized in Peru, Ecuador, Madeira
Tigridia pearcei (Baker) Ravenna - Huánuco region in Peru
Tigridia philippiana I.M.Johnst. - Tarapacá + Antofagasta Provinces in Chile
Tigridia potosina López-Ferr. & Espejo - San Luis Potosí
Tigridia pugana Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Jalisco
Tigridia pulchella B.L.Rob. - Jalisco, Michoacán
Tigridia purpusii Molseed - Puebla
Tigridia purruchucana (Herb.) Ravenna - Lima Province in Peru
Tigridia raimondii Ravenna - Arequipa Province in Peru
Tigridia rzedowskiana Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Querétaro
Tigridia seleriana (Loes.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
Tigridia suarezii Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Jalisco
Tigridia tepoxtlana Ravenna - Morelos
Tigridia vanhouttei(Baker) Espejo & López-Ferr - central + northeastern Mexico
Tigridia venusta Cruden - Michoacán
Tigridia violacea Schiede ex Schltdl. - central + southern Mexico

References

"'". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
"Tigridia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 253–56. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.
Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1952. Iridaceae. In Flora of Guatemala - Part III. Fieldiana, Botany 24(3): 159–178

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