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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Tripsacinae
Genus: Tripsacum
Species: T. andersonii – T. australe – T. bravum – T. cundinamarce – T. dactyloides – T. floridanum – T. intermedium – T. jalapense – T. lanceolatum – T. latifolium – T. laxum – T. maizar – T. manisuroides – T. peruvianum – T. pilosum – T. zopilotense

Name

Tripsacum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1261 (1759)
Type species: Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1261 (1759)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Digitaria Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 38 (1763), nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
Dactylodes Zanoni-Monti ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 772 (1891).

References

Linneaus, C. von (1759) Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 1253, 1261, 1379.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Tripsacum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 3. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Tripsacum. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 3.
Tropicos.org 2013. Tripsacum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 3.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Tripsacum. Published online. Accessed: 3 Nov. 2013.

Vernacular names
English: gama grass
español: Euchlaena

Tripsacum is a genus of plants in the grass family native to the Western Hemisphere.[3] Gamagrass is a common name for plants in this genus.[4]

Species

[2][5][6]

Tripsacum andersonii - from Veracruz to Bolivia
Tripsacum australe - South America
Tripsacum cundinamarce - Colombia
Tripsacum dactyloides - widespread in Latin America, West Indies, eastern USA[7]
Tripsacum intermedium - Guerrero, Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras
Tripsacum jalapense - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
Tripsacum lanceolatum - USA (AZ NM),[8] Mexico, Central America
Tripsacum latifolium - Mesoamerica, West Indies
Tripsacum laxum - Latin America, West Indies
Tripsacum maizar - Mexico, Guatemala
Tripsacum manisuroides - Chiapas
Tripsacum peruvianum - Peru, Ecuador
Tripsacum pilosum - Peru, Ecuador
Tripsacum zopilotense - Mexico, Guatemala

formerly included

[2] see Anthephora Apluda Chionachne Coelorachis Elionurus Hackelochloa Hemarthria Ischaemum Lasiurus Manisuris Microstegium Pogonatherum

Tripsacum aegilopoides - Lasiurus scindicus
Tripsacum aristatum - Ischaemum aristatum
Tripsacum ciliare - Elionurus ciliaris
Tripsacum compressum - Hemarthria compressa
Tripsacum cylindricum - Coelorachis cylindrica
Tripsacum distachyum - Ischaemum rugosum
Tripsacum distichum - Ischaemum rugosum
Tripsacum fasciculatum - Microstegium fasciculatum
Tripsacum giganteum - Apluda mutica
Tripsacum granulare - Hackelochloa granularis
Tripsacum hermaphroditum - Anthephora hermaphrodita
Tripsacum hirsutum - Lasiurus scindicus
Tripsacum ischaemum - Ischaemum muticum
Tripsacum muticum - Ischaemum muticum
Tripsacum myurus - Manisuris myurus
Tripsacum paniceum - Pogonatherum paniceum
Tripsacum pubescens - Anthephora pubescens
Tripsacum semiteres - Chionachne semiteres

References

Tropicos, Tripsacum L.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1759. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1379 in Latin
"Tripsacum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2002 onwards). World Grass Species: Descriptions, Identification, and Information Retrieval. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. (accessed 22 February 2010; 16:22 GMT)
The Plant List search for Tripsacum
Biota of North America 2013 county distribution map, Tripsacum dactyloides
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Tripsacum lanceolatum

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