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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Asclepiadoideae
Tribus: Asclepiadeae
Subtribus: Tylophorinae
Genera: PentatropisVincetoxicum


Tylophorinae K.Schum. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4, 2: 209. (1895)

Type genus: Tylophora R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 460 (1810) vide Vincetoxicum Wolf, Gen. Pl. [Wolf] 130. (1776)


Tylophoreae Engl., Syllabus, ed. 2: 174. (1898)

Note: Endress et al. (2014), Liede-Schumann et al. (2012) and Liede-Schumann & Meve, (2018) proposed an expanded Vincetoxicum. The required formal transfers have now all been made (Liede-Schumann & Meve, 2018) resulting in a monotypic tribe.

Schumann, K.M. 1895. Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien 4, 2: 209.
Endress, M.E., Liede-Schumann, S. & Meve, U. 2014. An updated classification for Apocynaceae. Phytotaxa 159(3): 175–194. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.159.3.2 ResearchGate Reference page.
Liede-Schumann, S., Kong, H.H., Meve, U. & Thiv, M. 2012. Vincetoxicum and Tylophora (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae: Asclepiadeae) − two sides of the same medal: Independent shifts from tropical to temperate habitats. Taxon 61(4): 803–825. DOI: 10.1002/tax.614007 JSTOR ResearchGate Reference page.
Liede-Schumann, S. & Meve, U. 2018. Vincetoxicum (Apocynaceae - Asclepiadoideae) expanded to include Tylophora and allies. Phytotaxa 369(3): 129–184. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.369.3.1 Paywall Reference page.

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