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Vaccinium uliginosum

Vaccinium uliginosum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Vaccinioideae
Tribus: Vaccinieae
Genus: Vaccinium
Sectio: V. sect. Vaccinium
Species: Vaccinium uliginosum
Subspecies: V. u. subsp. khokhrjakovii – V. u. subsp. microphyllum – V. u. subsp. occidentale – V. u. subsp. pedris – V. u. subsp. uliginosum – V. u. subsp. vulcanorum
Varietates: V. u. var. album – V. u. var. alpinum – V. u. var. japonicum
Name

Vaccinium uliginosum L., 1753
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 350. Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Vaccinium uliginosum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Vaccinium uliginosum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Vaccinium uliginosum. Published online. Accessed: May 30 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Vaccinium uliginosum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 30.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Vaccinium uliginosum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
العربية: وكب المناقع
azərbaycanca: Cır mərsin, Adi qaragilə
башҡортса: Ҡара көртмәле
беларуская: буякі
български: синя боровинка
буряад: Нэрhэн
català: Nabiu uliginós, Nabiu negre
kaszëbsczi: Łochinia
čeština: vlochyně bahenní, vlochyně
Cymraeg: Llusen y gors
dansk: Mosebølle, Mose-Bølle
Deutsch: Rauschbeere, Trunkelbeere, Rauschbeeren, Moorbeere, Moorbeeren
dolnoserbski: Wopowańska jagoda
English: bog bilberry, northern bilberry, alpine bilberry, bog Whortleberry
español: arandano de fruto negro, arandano negro, arándano, arándano negro, arándano uliginoso, nadius, ráspano
eesti: Sinikas, Rukkisinikas, Soomari, Joovikas, Sinikad
فارسی: واکسینیوم اولیژینوزوم
suomi: Juolukka, taigajuolukka
français: Myrtille des marais, Airelle bleue, Orcette, Airelle des marais, Embrune
galego: Arandeira negra
hornjoserbsce: Čorna wrónowka
հայերեն: հապալասի կապույտ
日本語: クロマメノキ
ქართული: ლურჯი მოცვი
한국어: 들쭉나무, 들쭉
коми: Чӧдлач
lietuvių: Vaivoras, Girtuoklė, Paprastasis vaivoras, Vaccinium gaultherioides, Vaccinium occidentale
кырык мары: Шардымуды
norsk bokmål: Blokkebær, Skinntryte, Mikkelsbær
Nedersaksies: Riesbees
Nederlands: rijsbes, moerasbes, struikbes, veenbosbes
norsk nynorsk: Blokkebær
ирон: Къабузæг, Къабузджытæ
polski: łochynia, borówka bagienna, Borówka pijanica
русский: голубика, пьяника, гоноболь, синий виноград, дурника, гонобобель, синика, голубика болотная, дурница, голубика топяная, голубика обыкновенная, дураха, водопьянка, голубика низкорослая
саха тыла: Сугун
davvisámegiella: Ehtemas, Ehtemasat, Juogut, Juogohat
slovenčina: brusnica barinná, šialenica
svenska: Odon, Böljen, Ögnabär, Odabär, Böljon, Slinnon, Öbär, Blåbukar
Türkçe: Bataklık yaban mersini, Kuzey yaban mersini
удмурт: Ыжноны, Лыз мульы
українська: буяхи, п'яниця
中文(简体): 笃斯越橘, 笃斯, 黑豆树, 都柿, 山都柿, 甸果, 地果, 龙果, 蛤塘果, 讷日苏, 吉厄特, 笃斯越桔
中文(繁體): 篤斯越橘, 篤斯, 黑豆樹, 都柿, 山都柿, 甸果, 地果, 龍果, 蛤塘果, 訥日蘇, 吉厄特
中文(臺灣): 篤斯越橘
中文: 笃斯越橘, 兴安雪莲, 甸果, 笃斯越桔, 都柿, 蛤塘果, 兴安小雪莲, 龙果, 龍果, 中国北极蓝莓, 黑豆樹, 篤斯越橘, 笃斯, 山都柿, 讷日苏, Ý˽柿, 興安小雪蓮

Vaccinium uliginosum (bog bilberry, bog blueberry,[2] northern bilberry or western blueberry[3]) is a Eurasian and North American flowering plant in the genus Vaccinium within the heath family.

Distribution

Vaccinium uliginosum is native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, at low altitudes in the Arctic, and at high altitudes south to the Pyrenees, the Alps, and the Caucasus in Europe, the mountains of Mongolia, northern China, the Korean Peninsula and central Japan in Asia, and the Sierra Nevada in California and the Rocky Mountains in Utah in North America.[4][5][6][7]

It grows on wet acidic soils on heathland, moorland, tundra, and in the understory of coniferous forests, from sea level in the Arctic, up to 3,400 metres (11,200 ft) altitude in the south of the range.
Description

Vaccinium uliginosum is a small deciduous shrub growing to 10–75 cm (4–30 in) tall, rarely 1 m (3.3 ft) tall, with brown stems (unlike the green stems of the closely related bilberry). The leaves are oval, 4–30 mm (0.16–1.18 in) long and 2–15 mm (0.08–0.59 in) wide, blue-green with pale net-like veins, with a smooth margin and rounded apex.[4]

The flowers are pendulous, urn-shaped, pale pink, 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) long, produced in mid spring. The fruit is a dark blue-black berry 5–8 mm (0.20–0.31 in) diameter, with a white flesh, edible and sweet when ripe in late summer.[4]

Flowers

Subspecies

Three subspecies have been described, but not all authorities distinguish them:[1][4]

Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. microphyllum Lange – Arctic plants
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. occidentale (A.Gray) Hultén – North American plants
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. uliginosum

Culinary use

The berries can be eaten raw or cooked, used to make jelly or pies, or dried to make pemmican.[8] Bog bilberry is used in infused liquor in Korea.

Deuljjuk-sul (bog bilberry liquor) and jindallae-sul (Korean rhododendron liquor) produced in North Korea

Blueberries in Eastern Siberia

Blueberries on the branches of a bush

References

"Vaccinium uliginosum". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
"Vaccinium uliginosum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
Wallace, Gary D. (2017). "Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. occidentale". In Jepson Flora Project (ed.). Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
Vander Kloet, Sam P. (2009). "Vaccinium uliginosum". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 8. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Fang, Ruizheng; Steven, Peter F. "Vaccinium uliginosum". Flora of China. 14 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Altervista Flora Italiana, Falso mirtillo, Vaccinium uliginosum L.
"Vaccinium uliginosum". State-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.

Nyerges, Christopher (2017). Foraging Washington: Finding, Identifying, and Preparing Edible Wild Foods. Guilford, CT: Falcon Guides. ISBN 978-1-4930-2534-3. OCLC 965922681.

Further reading
Blamey, M.; Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton.

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