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Vanda cristata

Vanda cristata, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Vandeae
Subtribus: Aeridinae
Genus: Vanda
Sectio: Vanda sect. Cristatae
Species: Vanda cristata
Name

Vanda cristata Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 216 (1833).

Type locality: Nepal, Nookate.
Holotype: Wallich, N. 7328, K, K000078657

Synonymy

Homotypic
Aerides cristata (Wall. ex Lindl.) Wall. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 53 (1890).
Trudelia cristata (Wall. ex Lindl.) Senghas ex Roeth, Orchidee (Hamburg) 58: 707 (2007 publ. 2008).

Heterotypic
Vanda striata Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2: 137 (1868).
Luisia striata (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. in H.G.Reichenbach, Xenia Orchid. 3: 120 (1893).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, Tibet.
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Western Himalaya.
Indo-China
Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1833. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants: 216.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Vanda cristata. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Emonocot.org 2021. Vanda cristata in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Vanda cristata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Vanda cristata. Published online. Accessed: 19 May 2021.
The Plant List 2013. Vanda cristata in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Tropicos.org 2021. Vanda cristata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Vanda cristata is a species of orchid found growing in the Himalaya from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Bhutan to China (northwestern Yunnan) at elevations of 600 – 2300 meters.[1]

Description

"Unlike most of the other epiphytic orchids, Vanda cristata have a single stem up to 60cm (24 inch) tall rising from a tuft of roots and do not have pseudobulbs. Thick, fleshy aerial roots are often produced on the stem and these may hang down the outside of the container in which the indoor Vanda cristata are planted.

The pale green leathery leaves which are strap shaped, grow all along the stem. The stem carry nearly opposite, arching, deeply channeled leaves 13-18cm (5-7 inch) long and 1-2cm (0.4-0.8 inch) wide, with slightly toothed, bunt tips. Flower stalks 10-15cm (4-6 inch) long appearing from the leaf axils in spring and summer bear up to seven waxy flowers about 5cm (2 inch) across. These flowers stalks can appear from between every third leaf or so. Each stalk produces several fragrant flowers which last for several weeks up to two months. Sepals and petals are yellowish green to creamy yellow. The short, oblong green-and-yellow lip has deep purple red lines near the base and is three-lobed."
Taxonomy

Vanda cristata was collected in 1818 by Nathaniel Wallich in Nepal; He sent live plants to Kew Gardens in England. The first description was published in 1832 by John Lindley. The classification as Trudelia cristata in the genus Trudelia is considered synonymous with Vanda cristata, as Vanda striata

Vanda cristata plate 48 in: Edwards's Bot. Register (Orchidaceae), vol. 28, (1842)

Vanda cristata plate 4304 in: Curtis's Bot. Magazine (Orchidaceae), vol. 73,(1847)

Vanda cristata (as syn. Vanda striata) plate 150 in: H. G. Reichenbach: Xenia orchidacea - vol. 2 (1874)

Vanda cristata Plate 290 in: R.Warner - B.S.Williams:The Orchid Album(1882-1897)

References

"Vanda cristata in Tropicos".

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