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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Vanilloideae
Tribus: Pogoniinae - Vanilleae
Name

Vanilloideae (Lindl.) Szlach., Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica, Supplementum 3: 48. (1995)

Type genus: Vanilla Plum. ex Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Synonyms

Vanillaceae Lindl. (1835)
Vanilleae Lindl. (1846) nom. inval.
Vanilleae Rchb. (1837) nom. nud.
Vanilleae Tratt. (1802) nom. nud.
Vanillaceae (Lindl.) Rchb. (1841)
Vanillidae Lindl. (1846) nom. nud.

References

Szlachetko, D.L. (1995) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica, Supplementum 3: 48.
Pridgeon, A.M. , Cribb, P., Chase, M.W., and Rasmussen, F.N. (Eds) (2003) Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part 2): Vanillodeae, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tropicos.org 2012. Vanilloideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Sept. 17.
Emonocot.org 2013. Vanilloideae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 17.

Vernacular names
català: Vanil òidia
magyar: Vaníliaformák
polski: Waniliowe
русский: Ванильные
Tiếng Việt: Phân họ Va ni
中文: 香草蘭亞科

Vanilloideae is one of the subfamilies of orchids belonging to the large family Orchidaceae.

Lindley (1836) and Garay (1986)[2] treated it as a separate family, Vanillaceae. But their single, incumbent anther and poorly organised pollinia led to their recognition as at best a subgroup of monandrous orchids. From a molecular point of view, this clade is rather a sister to subfamily Epidendroideae and subfamily Orchidoideae in the Orchidaceae, and thus it is today also considered a subfamily.

The subfamily Vanilloideae consists of 15 genera and about 180 species, belonging to the tribes Pogonieae and Vanilleae.

Their distribution is pantropical, throughout Asia, Australia and the Americas.

The species in the tribe Pogonieae have a characteristic laciniate lip margin. The color of their petals and sepals is pink or rarely white or bluish. Their sepals have an oblong, elliptic, or narrowly lanceolate form.

The species in the tribe Vanilleae are long plants characterized by long, thick, succulent vines and a lip without spur.

Classification

Tribe Pogonieae (77 species)

Genera : Cleistes, Cleistesiopsis, Duckeella, Isotria, and Pogonia

Tribe Vanilleae (172 species)

Genera : Clematepistephium, Cyrtosia, Epistephium, Eriaxis, Erythrorchis, Galeola, Lecanorchis, Pseudovanilla and Vanilla.

References

Chase, Mark W.; Cameron, Kenneth M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Pridgeon, Alec M.; Salazar, Gerardo; van den Berg, Cássio; Schuiteman, André (2015). "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 177 (2): 151–174. doi:10.1111/boj.12234. ISSN 0024-4074.

Garay,L. (1986) , Olim Vanillaceae. Botanical Museum Leaflets. Harvard University 30 : 233-237.

Pridgeon, Alec M.; Cribb, Phillip J.; Chase, Mark.W; Rasmussen, Finn.N - Genera Orchidacearum: Orchidoideae Vanilloideae - Oxford University Press 2003 - ISBN 0-19-850711-9

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