- Art Gallery -

Viburnum

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Dipsacales
Familia: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. acerifolium - V. acuminatum - V. acutifolium - V. adenophorum - V. adenophyllum - V. affine - V. ajugifolium - V. albopedunculatum - V. alnifolium - V. alpinum - V. alternifolium - V. amatenangense - V. amblodes - V. americanum - V. amethystinum - V. amplificatum - V. amplifolium - V. amplissimum - V. anabaptista - V. anglicum - V. annamensis - V. antioquiense - V. apiculatum - V. aragonense - V. arboreum - V. arboricola - V. arcuatum - V. ashei - V. atro-cyaneum - V. atrocyaneum - V. australe - V. austrokoreanum - V. awabuki - V. awafuki - V. awafusci - V. ayavacense - V. barbigerum - V. beccarii - V. betulifolium - V. bitchiuense - V. blandum - V. bockii - V. bodinieri - V. bolivianum - V. boninsimense - V. botryoideum - V. brachyandrum - V. brachybotryum - V. bracteatum - V. brevipes - V. brevitubum - V. brunnescens - V. buddleifolium - V. buergeri - V. burejaeticum - V. burejanum - V. burkwoodii - V. burmanicum - V. bushii - V. calvum - V. canadense - V. canum - V. capitatum - V. capitellatum - V. carlcephalum - V. carlesii - V. carnosulum - V. carolinianum - V. cassinoides - V. caucasicuro - V. caudatum - V. cavaleriei - V. ceanothoides - V. chaffanjoni - V. chiapense - V. chinense - V. chingii - V. chinshanense - V. chunii - V. ciliatum - V. cinnamomifolium - V. clemensae - V. colebrookeanum - V. congestum - V. conspectum - V. cordifolium - V. coriaceum - V. cornifolium - V. cornutidens - V. corybosum - V. corylifolium - V. corymbiflorum - V. corymbosum - V. costaricanum - V. cotinifolium - V. crassifolium - V. crenatum - V. cubense - V. cuneifolium - V. cuspidatum - V. cuttingianum - V. cylindricum - V. dahuricum - V. dalzielii - V. dasyanthum - V. davidii - V. davuricum - V. deamii - V. delicatulum - V. deltoideum - V. demetrionis - V. densiflorum - V. densum - V. dentatum - V. detractum - V. dichotomum - V. dielsii - V. dilatatum - V. discolor - V. disjunctum - V. dispar - V. divaricatum - V. dubium - V. dunnianum - V. ebulus - V. edule - V. elatum - V. elegans - V. ellipticum - V. eradiatum - V. erosum - V. erubescens - V. euryphyllum - V. fallax - V. farinosum - V. farreri - V. ferrugineum - V. flavescens - V. floccosum - V. floribundum - V. foetens - V. foetidum - V. foochowense - V. forbesii - V. fordiae - V. formosanum - V. fortunei - V. fragile - V. fragrans - V. fulvotomentosum - V. fur - V. furcatum - V. fuscum - V. fusiforme - V. garrettii - V. giraldii - V. glaberrimum - V. glabratum - V. glabrum - V. glandulosum - V. glaucum - V. glomeratum - V. goudotii - V. grandiflorum - V. grandifolium - V. griffithianum - V. guatemalense - V. hainanense - V. halli - V. hanceanum - V. harryanum - V. hartwegi - V. hasseltii - V. hebanthum - V. hengshanicum - V. henryi - V. hessei - V. heterophylum - V. hillieri - V. himalayense - V. hirsutum - V. hirtulum - V. hirtum - V. hispidulum - V. hizenense - V. hondurense - V. hupehense - V. hyemale - V. hypoleucum - V. ichangense - V. incarum - V. indianense - V. indicum - V. inopinatum - V. integerrimum - V. integrifolium - V. involucratum - V. irabutha - V. jackii - V. jacquemontii - V. jamesonii - V. japonicum - V. jelskii - V. jucundum - V. juddii - V. juncundum - V. junghuhnii - V. kanbok - V. kansuense - V. kerrii - V. keteleeri - V. kiusianum - V. komarovii - V. koreanum - V. laevigatum - V. lanceolatum - V. lancifolium - V. lantana - V. lantanoides - V. lasiophyllum - V. laterale - V. latifolium - V. laurifolium - V. lauriforme - V. lautum - V. laxum - V. lehmannii - V. leiocarpum - V. lentaginum - V. lentago - V. lentagoides - V. lentum - V. lepidotulum - V. leptophyllum - V. liukiuense - V. lobatum - V. lobophyllum - V. loeseneri - V. longifolium - V. longipedunculatum - V. longiradiatum - V. longistamineum - V. lucidum - V. lutescens - V. luzonicum - V. macdougallii - V. macrocephalum - V. macrodon - V. macrophyllum - V. maculatum - V. mairei - V. martini - V. mathewsii - V. matsudai - V. matudae - V. medium - V. meiothyrsum - V. melanocarpum - V. melanophyllum - V. membranaceum - V. mendax - V. mexicanum - V. meyer-waldeckii - V. microcarpum - V. microphyllum - V. molinae - V. molle - V. mongolicum - V. monogynum - V. montanum - V. morrisonense - V. mortonianum - V. mullaha - V. mushaense - V. nanum - V. nashii - V. nepalense - V. nervosum - V. nitidum - V. nudum - V. obliquatum - V. oblongum - V. obovatum - V. obtusatum - V. odoratissimum - V. oleaefolium - V. oliganthum - V. omeiense - V. optatum - V. opuloides - V. opulus - V. orientale - V. ovatifolium - V. oxycoccos - V. ozarkense - V. pallidum - V. palustre - V. parviflorum - V. parvifolium - V. parvilimbum - V. pastasanum - V. pauciflorum - V. peruvianum - V. phlebotrichum - V. pichinchense - V. pinchinchense - V. pinfaense - V. pinnina - V. platyphyllum - V. plicatum - V. polycarpum - V. prattii - V. premnaceum - V. primina - V. propinquum - V. prunifolium - V. pubescens - V. pubigerum - V. pubinerve - V. punctatum - V. punicifolium - V. pyramidatum - V. pyrifolium - V. queremalense - V. rafinesquianum - V. recognitum - V. rectangulatum - V. repandum - V. reticulatum - V. retusum - V. rhombifolium - V. rhytidophylloides - V. rhytidophyllum - V. rigidum - V. roraimense - V. rosaceum - V. roseum - V. rosthornii - V. rotundifolium - V. rufidulum - V. rufotomentosum - V. rugosum - V. sambucinum - V. sandankwa - V. sargentii - V. scabrellum - V. scandens - V. schensianum - V. schneiderianum - V. seemenii - V. semitomentosum - V. sempervirens - V. serratum - V. sessiliflorum - V. setigerum - V. shweliense - V. sibiricum - V. sieboldi - V. sieboldii - V. sikokianum - V. siltepecanum - V. simonsii - V. sinensis - V. sinuatum - V. smithianum - V. smithii - V. sphaerocarpum - V. spruceanum - V. squamatum - V. squamulosum - V. stapfianum - V. stellato-pilosum - V. stellato-tomentosum - V. stellatum - V. stellulatum - V. stenocalyx - V. strictum - V. strigosum - V. subalpinum - V. subcordatum - V. subglabrum - V. subpubescens - V. subsessile - V. sulcatum - V. sumatranum - V. sundaicum - V. suratense - V. suspensum - V. sympodiale - V. tacanense - V. taihasense - V. taitoense - V. taiwanianum - V. taquetii - V. tashiroi - V. tengyuehense - V. ternatum - V. thaiyongense - V. theiferum - V. thibeticum - V. tiliifolium - V. tinoides - V. tinus - V. tomentosum - V. toronis - V. touchanense - V. trabeculosum - V. tricostatum - V. tridentatum - V. trileasei - V. trilobum - V. triphyllum - V. triplinerve - V. tsangii - V. tubulosum - V. undulatum - V. urbani - V. urceolatum - V. utile - V. valerianicum - V. veitchii - V. venosum - V. venulosum - V. venustum - V. vernicosum - V. versatile - V. vetteri - V. villosifolium - V. villosum - V. virens - V. viride - V. wardii - V. weberbaueri - V. wendlandi - V. wightianum - V. willeanum - V. wilsonii - V. witteanum - V. wrightii - V. wurdackii - V. xanthoneurum - V. yamadai - V. yunnanense - V. zambalense - V. zeylanicum - V. zippelii
Hybrid: V. x bodnantense -

Name

Viburnum L.

References

* GBIF .

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Dansk: Snebolle
Deutsch: Schneeball
Eesti: Lodjapuu
Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Βιβούρνο
עברית: מורן
Nederlands: Sneeuwbal
Svenska: Olvon
Türkçe: Kartopu

Viburnum is a genus of about 150-175 species of shrubs or (in a few species) small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny.[1] It was previously included in the family Caprifoliaceae.[2]
Viburnum grandiflorum

They are native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with a few species extending into tropical montane regions in South America and southeast Asia. In Africa, the genus is confined to the Atlas Mountains.

The generic name originated in Latin, where it referred to V. lantana.[3]

The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire, toothed or lobed; cool temperate species are deciduous, while most of the warm temperate species are evergreen. Some species are densely hairy on the shoots and leaves, with star-shaped hairs.

The flowers are produced in corymbs 5–15 cm across, each flower white to cream or pink, small, 3–5 mm across, with five petals, strongly fragrant in some species. The gynoecium has 3 connate carpels with the nectary on top of the gynoecium. Some species also have a fringe of large, showy sterile flowers round the perimeter of the corymb to act as a pollinator target.

The fruit is a spherical, oval or somewhat flattened drupe, red to purple, blue, or black, and containing a single seed; some are edible for humans (though many others are mildly poisonous to people). The leaves are sometimes eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Viburnum.


Species

About 150 species are known, including the following:

Viburnum acerifolium – Maple-leaf Viburnum
Viburnum atrocyaneum
Viburnum betulifolium
Viburnum bitchiuense
Viburnum bracteatum
Viburnum buddleifolium
Viburnum burejaeticum
Viburnum calvum
Viburnum carlesii – Korean Spice Viburnum
Viburnum cassinoides – Witherod Viburnum, Wild Raisin, Appalachian Tea
Viburnum cinnamonifolium
Viburnum cordifolium
Viburnum corylifolium
Viburnum cotinifolium
Viburnum cylindricum
Viburnum dasyanthum
Viburnum davidii
Viburnum dentatum – Arrowwood Viburnum
Viburnum dilatatum – Linden Viburnum
Viburnum edule – Squashberry, mooseberry, pembina, pimbina, highbush cranberry, lowbush cranberry, moosomin (Cree language)
Viburnum ellipticum
Viburnum erosum
Viburnum erubescens
Viburnum farreri – Farrer's Viburnum
Viburnum foetens
Viburnum foetidum
Viburnum furcatum
Viburnum grandiflorum – Himalayan Viburnum
Viburnum harryanum
Viburnum henryi
Viburnum hirtum
Viburnum hupehense
Viburnum ichangense
Viburnum × jackii – Jack's Viburnum
Viburnum japonicum
Viburnum kansuense
Viburnum lantana – Wayfaring Tree, Hoarwithy
Viburnum lantanoides
Viburnum lentago – Nannyberry
Viburnum lobophyllum
Viburnum macrocephalum – Chinese Viburnum (琼花)
Viburnum molle
Viburnum mongolicum
Viburnum mullaha
Viburnum nudum – Possumhaw
Viburnum odoratissimum
Viburnum opulus – Guelder-rose
Viburnum orientale
Viburnum phlebotrichum
Viburnum plicatum
Viburnum propinquum
Viburnum prunifolium – Blackhaw
Viburnum rafinesquianum
Viburnum recognitum – smooth arrowwood
Viburnum rhytidophyllum – Wrinkled Viburnum
Viburnum rigidum
Viburnum rufidulum – Rusty Blackhaw
Viburnum sargentii – Tianmu Viburnum (天目琼花)
Viburnum schensianum
Viburnum sempervirens
Viburnum setigerum – Tea Viburnum
Viburnum sieboldii – Siebold's Viburnum
Viburnum suspensum
Viburnum sympodiale
Viburnum ternatum
Viburnum tinus – Laurustinus
Viburnum trilobum – Highbush Viburnum
Viburnum urceolatum
Viburnum utile – Service Viburnum
Viburnum veitchii
Viburnum venosum
Viburnum wilsonii
Viburnum wrightii – Wright's Viburnum


Formerly placed here

Hydrangea arborescens L. (as V. alnifolium Marshall or V. americanum Mill.)
Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Ser. (as V. macrophyllum Thunb.)[4]


Cultivation and uses

Many species of viburnum have become popular as garden or landscape plants because of their showy flowers and berries, fragrance, and good autumn colour of some forms. Some popular species, hybrids, and cultivars include:[5]

The hybrid Viburnum × bodnantense (V. farreri × V. grandiflorum) is particularly popular for its strongly scented pink flowers on the leafless deciduous shoots in mid to late winter.
Viburnum × burkwoodii (V. carlesii × V. utile)
Viburnum × carlcephallum (V. carlesii × V. macrocephalum)
Viburnum carlesii has round white flowerheads, strong fragrance, dense structure, and reddish leaves in autumn.
Viburnum davidii is an evergreen species from China with blue fruit.
Viburnum dentatum has flat-topped flowers, bluish fruit, and reddish leaves in autumn. It is somewhat salt-tolerant. The cultivar 'Blue Muffin' is more compact than the species and has fruit that are a deeper blue than the species.
Viburnum dilatatum has flat-topped flowers, reddish leaves in autumn, and bright red fruit that persist into winter.
Viburnum × juddii (V. bitchiuense × V. carlesii)
Viburnum plicatum has white flowers, textured leaves, reddish-black fruit, and can grow quite large under ideal conditions. The species can tolerate shade, but not drought.
Viburnum × pragense (V. rhytidophyllum × V. utile)
Viburnum × rhytidophylloides (V. lantana × V. rhytidophyllum)
Viburnum rhytidophyllum is a popular evergreen species, grown mainly for its foliage effect of large, dark green leathery leaves with strongly wrinkled surface. This is the parent species of two popular hybrid cultivars known as 'Alleghany' and 'Pragense'. 'Alleghany' was selected from a hybrid between V. rhytidophyllum and V. lantana 'Mohican' (in 1958, at the US National Arboretum).
Viburnum setigerum has upright, coarse structure and orange to reddish-orange fruit.
Viburnum sieboldii has coarse, open structure, flat-topped flowers, reddish-black fruit, and can grow as a small tree.
Viburnum tinus is a widely grown garden and landscape shrub.


Other uses

In prehistory, the long straight shoots of some viburnums were used for arrow-shafts, as those found with Ötzi the Iceman.

The fruit of some species (e.g. V. lentago[6]) are edible and can be eaten either raw or for making jam, while other species (e.g. V. opulus[7]) are mildly toxic and can cause vomiting if eaten in quantity.

The bark of some species is used in herbal medicine, as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.[7]

References


^ a b Winkworth, R. C.; Donoghue, M. J. (2005). "Viburnum phylogeny based on combined molecular data: implications for taxonomy and biogeography". American Journal of Botany 92: 653. doi:10.3732/ajb.92.4.653
^ a b "Genus: Viburnum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-11-03. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. IV R-Z. Taylor & Francis US. p. 2793. ISBN 9780849326783.
^ "GRIN Species Records of Viburnum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
^ Plants for a future: Viburnum lentago
^ a b Plants for a future: Viburnum opulus

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License