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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Tabernaemontaneae
Subtribus: Tabernaemontaninae
Genus: Voacanga
Species: (13)
V. africana – V. bracteata – V. caudiflora – V. chalotiana – V. foetida – V. globosa – V. gracilipes – V. grandifolia – V. havilandii – V. megacarpa – V. pachyceras – V. psilocalyx – V. thouarsii

Voacanga Thouars, Gen. Nov. Madagasc. 10. (1806)

Type species: Voacanga thouarsii Roem. & Schult.


Dicrus Reinw. ex Blume, Catalogus: 47 (1823)
Orchipeda Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 1026 (1826)
Annularia Hochst., Flora 24: 670 (1841), nom. illeg.
Cyclostigma Hochst. ex Endl., Gen. Pl., Suppl. 2: 56 (1842), nom. illeg.
Piptolaena Harv., London J. Bot. 1: 25 (1842)
Pootia Miq., Verslagen Meded. Afd. Natuurk. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. 6: 192 (1857)

Native distribution areas:

West Tropical Africa
Benin, Burkina, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierre Leone, Togo.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Cabinda, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Zaïre.
Northeast Tropical Africa
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal.
Western Indian Ocean
Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
New Guinea.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Thouars, L.M.A. du Petit 1806. Genera Nova Madagascariensia 10.


Emonocot.org 2018. Voacanga in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 October 21.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Voacanga in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 October 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Voacanga. Published online. Accessed: 21 October 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Voacanga. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 October 21.

Vernacular names

русский: Воаканга

Voacanga is a genus of plants in the family Apocynaceae found in Africa, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Australia.[1] As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 13 species:[3]


Voacanga africana Stapf ex Scott-Elliot - tropical W + C + E + S Africa
Voacanga bracteata Stapf - tropical W + C Africa
Voacanga caudiflora Stapf - tropical W Africa
Voacanga chalotiana Pierre ex Stapf - tropical C Africa
Voacanga foetida (Blume) Rolfe -Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Philippines
Voacanga globosa (Blanco) Merr. - Philippines
Voacanga gracilipes (Miq.) Markgr. - Maluku
Voacanga grandifolia (Miq.) Rolfe -, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Queensland
Voacanga havilandii Ridl. - Sarawak
Voacanga megacarpa Merr. - Philippines
Voacanga pachyceras Leeuwenb. - Zaïre
Voacanga psilocalyx Pierre ex Stapf - Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of Congo
Voacanga thouarsii Roem. & Schult. Madagascar; widespread from Cape Province to Sudan + Senegal

formerly included[3]

Voacanga dichotoma = Tabernaemontana pachysiphon
Voacanga plumeriifolia = Tabernaemontana macrocarpa


"Voacanga", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 19 August 2013
illustration circa 1880, from Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) - Flora de Filipinas
Search for "Voacanga", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 19 August 2013

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