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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Vochysiaceae
Genera: Callisthene - Erisma - Erismadelphus - Qualea - Ruizterania - Salvertia - Vochysia
Name

Vochysiaceae A.St.-Hil.
References

Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 6, May 2005. [1]
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Vascular Plant Families and Genera[2]

Vernacular names
українська: Вохизієві
中文: 萼囊花科

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales.

Description

Trees or shrubs with opposite leaves; flowers are zygomorph 1-(3)-5 merous; ovary inferior or superior; one fertile stamen; fruits samara or capsules.
Biogeography

Six of the eight genera are native to the Neotropics. The genera Erismadelphus and Korupodendron are native to West and Central Africa.
Evolutionary history

The family likely originated in South America. Erismadelphus is thought to have diverged from Erisma approximately 30 million years ago, and traveled to Africa as the result of long-distance dispersal.
Systematics

Vochysiaceae are closest to Myrtaceae.[1] Vochysiaceae consist of 7 genera with 217 species. The family is classified in two tribes:

Tribe Erismeae : one inferior ovary and winged fruits

Erisma Rudge (20 species)
Erismadelphus Mildbr. (2 species)
Korupodendron Litt & Cheek (1 species)

Tribe Vochysieae: three fused superior ovaries and capsule fruits

Callisthene Mart. (10 species)
Qualea Aubl. (60 species)
Salvertia A.St.-Hil. (1 species)
Ruizterania Marc.-Bert. (19 species)
Vochysia Aubl. (105 species)

The genus Euphronia, previously included in Vochysiaceae, is unrelated and now stands alone in the family Euphroniaceae, more closely related to the family Chrysobalanaceae.
References

Conti, E., A. Litt, P.G. Wilson, S.A Graham, B.G. Briggs, L.A.S. Johnson, K.J. Sytsma. 1997. Interfamiliar relationships in Myrtales: molecular phylogeny and patterns of morphological evolution. Systematic Botany 22: 629-647

Family of Vochysiaceae link APWebsite. (engl.)
Amy Litt & Dennis W. Stevenson: Floral development and morphology of Vochysiaceae. I. The structure of the gynoecium in American Journal of Botany, 90, 2003, S. 1533-1547: Online.
M. L. Kawasaki: Vochysiaceae, S. 480-487 in Klaus Kubitzki: The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Volume 9, Flowering Plants - Eudicots, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-32214-6.
F. Carnevale Neto et al.: Vochysiaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential, "Phytochemistry Reviews" (Print), v. 10, p. 413-429, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11101-011-9213-5.

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