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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Heloniadeae

Genus: Ypsilandra
Species: Y. alpina – Y. cavaleriei – Y. jinpingensis – Y. kansuensis – Y. thibetica – Y. yunnanensis

Ypsilandra Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 10: 93 (1887 publ. 1888)
Type species: Ypsilandra thibetica Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 10: 94 (1887 publ. 1888)


Franchet, A.R. (1888) Nouvelles archives du muséum d'histoire naturelle, sér. 2 10: 93.
Hsu, T.W., Kono, Y., Chiang, T.Y. & Peng, C.I. (2011) Ypsilandra (Melianthiaceae; Liliaceae sensu lato), a new generic record for Taiwan, Botanical Studies (Taipei), 52: 99–104. Full article PDF.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Ypsilandra in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Jan. 16. Reference page. 2015. Ypsilandra. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Jan. 16.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Ypsilandra. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 16 2015.

Ypsilandra is a genus of at least six herbaceous plant species, first described as a genus in 1888. This genus is a member of the Melanthiaceae[2] and is native to East Asia (China, the Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand).[3][4]

Ypsilandra species are perennial plants that grow from thick rhizomes. They are associated with sloping, forested habitats. They are very infrequently cultivated in the West. Their leaves are generally long and thin, growing in a rosette from the base of the plant. Ypsilandra species produce flowers on a long scape arising from the intersection of the leaves and the stem. The inflorescences consist of a cluster of nodding, radially-symmetrical tube-shaped flowers with six tepals. The stamens protrude beyond the tepals. Depending on the species, the tepals may be white, pink, purple, or yellow.[5]


Ypsilandra alpina F.T.Wang & Tang - Tibet, Yunnan, N Myanmar
Ypsilandra cavaleriei H.Lév. & Vaniot - Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan
Ypsilandra jinpingensis W.H.Chen, Y.M.Shui & ZhiY.Yu - Yunnan, N Vietnam
Ypsilandra kansuensis R.N.Zhao & Z.X.Peng - Gansu
Ypsilandra thibetica Franch. - Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi, Taiwan
Ypsilandra yunnanensis W.W.Sm. & Jeffrey - Nepal, Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar

Ypsilandra thibetica is used in traditional Chinese medicine, especially in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, as a haemostatic.[6]


The genus Ypsilandra and the type (Ypsilandra thibetica) were first published in Nouvelles archives du muséum d'histoire naturelle, sér. 2, 10: 93. 1888. "Name - Ypsilandra Franch". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-19. Retrieved October 12, 2012. "Type Specimens … Ypsilandra thibetica Franch."
"Tropicos, Ypsilandra Franch". Archived from the original on 2014-10-19. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 4 February 2016.
"Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 86 丫蕊花属 ya rui hua shu Ypsilandra Franchet, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. ser. 2, 10: 93. 1887". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2014-10-08.
Chen Xinqi and Minoru N. Tamura (2000). "Flora of China 24: 86–87. 2000" (PDF). Flora of China. 24: 86–87. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
Bai-Bo Xie; et al. (2006). "Five new steroidal compounds from Ypsilandra thibetica". Chemistry and Biodiversity. 3 (11): 1211–1218. doi:10.1002/cbdv.200690122. PMID 17193234. S2CID 40156700.

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