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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Scrophulariaceae
Tribus: Limoselleae
Genus: Zaluzianskya
Species: Z. acrobareia – Z. acutiloba – Z. affinis – Z. africana – Z. angustifolia – Z. aschersoniana – Z. bella – Z. benthamiana – Z. capensis – Z. chrysops – Z. cohabitans – Z. collina – Z. crocea – Z. diandra – Z. distans – Z. divaricata – Z. elongata – Z. falciloba – Z. gilgiana – Z. gilioides – Z. glandulosa – Z. glareosa – Z. gracilis – Z. inflata – Z. isanthera – Z. kareebergensis – Z. karrooica – Z. katharinae – Z. lanigera – Z. maritima – Z. marlothii – Z. microsiphon – Z. minima – Z. mirabilis – Z. muirii – Z. natalensis – Z. nemesioides – Z. oreophila – Z. ovata – Z. pachyrrhiza – Z. parviflora – Z. peduncularis – Z. pilosa – Z. pilosissima – Z. pulvinata – Z. pumila – Z. pusilla – Z. ramosa – Z. rubrostellata – Z. sanorum – Z. schmitziae – Z. spathacea – Z. sutherlandica – Z. synaptica – Z. tropicalis – Z. turritella – Z. vallispiscis – Z. villosa – Z. violacea
Name

Zaluzianskya F.W.Schmidt Neue Selt. Pflanzen 11. (1793) nom. cons.
Type species: Zaluzianskya villosa F.W. Schmidt Neue Selt. Pflanzen 11. (1793)

References

Schmidt, F.W. (1793) Neue und seltene Pflanzen 11.
The Plant List 2013. Zaluzianskya in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 March 2.
Tropicos.org 2014. Zaluzianskya. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 March 2.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Zaluzianskya. Published online. Accessed: March 2 2014.

Zaluzianskya is a genus of flowering plants now regarded as being a member of the Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family. The genus is endemic to Southern Africa and includes some described sixty species.[1]

Taxonomy

Zaluzianskya was named in honour of Adam Zalužanský ze Zalužan, 1558–1613, a physician of Prague, author of Methodus Herbariae, 1592.[2] Zaluziansky seems to have been a deservedly prominent botanist in his day, with some views on taxonomy quite advanced for his time.[3]
Pollinators

Superficially the shape of the flowers is strikingly phlox-like, hence the designation 'night phlox', for their evening fragrance. The fragrance after dark suggests that in nature the species in question are pollinated by moths, whereas day-pollinated species often have little or no obvious scent. Research is in progress on the ecological and evolutionary relationships between some members of the genus and specialist long-tongued pollinators, particularly night flying hawk moths (family Sphingidae) and flies in the families Nemestrinidae, Tabanidae, and Bombyliidae.[4][5][6] Day-flying hawk moths, such as the genus Macroglossum (hummingbird hawk moths) also seem to be significant pollinators of many species of Zaluzianskya.
Cultivation

Zaluzianskya species have not been of horticultural significance until recently. Zaluzianskya rubrostellata is cultivated as an annual herbaceous ornamental plant.[7]
Species

Species include

Zaluzianskya affinis
Zaluzianskya capensis
Zaluzianskya divaricata (spreading night phlox)
Zaluzianskya ovata
Zaluzianskya lychnidea (windowphlox)
Zaluzianskya microsiphon
Zaluzianskya pulvinata
Zaluzianskya rubrostellata (night phlox)
Zaluzianskya villosa (southern lilac drumsticks, blue drumsticks)
Zaluzianskya spathacea

Zaluzianskya spp.
References

Arnold T.H., de Wet B.C. (Eds), Plants of Southern Africa: Names & Distribution, Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No. 62, Pub.National Botanical Institute, South Africa.1993 ISBN 1-874907-03-X
Chittenden, Fred J. Ed., Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, Oxford 1951
Debus, Allen G., Man and nature in the Renaissance, Cambridge 1978 ISBN 0-521-29328-6
Picker, M., Griffiths, C., Weaving, A. Field Guide to the Insects of South Africa, Struik 2003. www.struik.co.za
Bruce Anderson, Steven D. Johnson, J. Kohn, The Geographical Mosaic Of Coevolution In A Plant–Pollinator Mutualism, Evolution, Jan 2008: Vol. 62, Issue 1, pgs 220-225
S. D. Johnson, . J. Edwards, . Carbutt and C. Potgieter. Specialization for hawkmoth and long-proboscid fly pollination in Zaluzianskya. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol 138 pp 17–27 March 2002
Blanket Wrap:Zaluzianskya rubrostellata

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