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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Zygophyllales
Familia: Krameriaceae - Zygophyllaceae


Zygophyllales Link, Handbuch 2: 228. (1829)

Type genus: Zygophyllum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 385. (1753)


Balanitales C.Y Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 314. (2002)
Krameriales Mart, Consp. Regn. Veg.: 44. (1835)


Link, J.H.F. 1829. Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse 2(4): 228.
Reveal, J.L. & Doweld, A.B. 1999. Validation of some suprageneric names in Magnoliophyta. Novon 9(4): 549–553. BHL Reference page.
Doweld, A.B. 2001. Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum. Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta) [Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum. Опыт системы сосудистых растений]. LXXX + 110 pp. Moscow: Geos. ISBN 5-89118-283-1. DJVU Reference page.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12385 Reference page.
Reveal, J.L. 2012. An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants. Phytoneuron 2012-37: 1–221. Full text PDF Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2021. Zygophyllales. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 4 June 2021.

Vernacular names
magyar: Királydinnye-virágúak
中文: 蒺藜目

The Zygophyllales are an order of dicotyledon plants, comprising the following two families:

* Family Zygophyllaceae
* Family Krameriaceae

According to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (AGP II) both families are unplaced to order, but nevertheless included in the Eurosids I. The APG III system of 2009, however, recognized this order. Even if the monogeneric family Krameriaceae shares little common traits with the family Zygophyllaceae, researchers see little advantage in keeping it as a separate family (e.g. Sheahan and Chase). The name Zygophyllales can be used if one finds it appropriate to place both families into an order.

Under the Cronquist system, the Zygophyllaceae were included within the Sapindales, and the Krameriaceae within the Polygalales.

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