Hellenica World

Zygophyllum fabago

Zygophyllum fabago (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Zygophyllales
Familia: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamilia: Zygophylloideae
Genus: Zygophyllum
Species: Zygophyllum fabago

Name

Zygophyllum fabago L.

Vernacular names
English: Syrian bean-caper

Zygophyllum fabago is a species of plant known by the common name Syrian bean-caper. It is considered a noxious weed of economic importance in many of the western United States. It is native to Asia and the Middle East.


Growth

The Syrian bean-caper grows long, thin stems with few oval-shaped, fleshy, waxy green leaflets each 2 to 3 centimeters in length. The flowers are small, compact bunches of five petals each with prominent stamens. The flowers have a taste and scent similar to caper. It grows in masses of individual plants, forming colonies, especially in dry, gravelly, saline, or disturbed areas where other plant life is rare.

Characteristics

The plant has invasive potential due to its long taproot which, even if fragmented, can produce a new plant, as well as the hardy wax coating on its leaves that tends to protect it from herbicides.

Chemical constituents

It contains about 0.002% harmine (entire plant).[2]

Notes

1. ^ "Zygophyllum fabago information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?42321. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
2. ^ "Erowid Online Books : "Ayahuasca: alkaloids, plants, and analogs" by Keeper of the Trout". www.erowid.org. http://www.erowid.org/library/books_online/ayahuasca_apa/aya_sec2_zygophyllaceae.shtml. Retrieved 2008-04-30.

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Source: Wikipedia , Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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