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Equisetum telmateia

Equisetum telmateia, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Subdivisio: Equisetophyta
Classis: Equisetopsida
Ordo: Equisetales
Familia: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
Species: Equisetum telmateia
Subspecies: E. t. subsp. braunii - E. t. subsp. telmateia

Name

Equisetum telmateia Ehrh.

Equisetum telmateia, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Přeslička největší
Dansk: Elfenbens-Padderok
Deutsch: Riesen-Schachtelhalm
English: Great Horsetail
Français: Grande prêle
עברית: שבטבט גדול
Lietuvių: Didysis asiūklis
Nederlands: Reuzenpaardenstaart
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Kjempesnelle
Polski: Skrzyp olbrzymi

References

* Ehrhart, J. F. Hannover Mag. 18: 287, 1783.
* USDA GRIN

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Equisetum telmateia (great horsetail or northern giant horsetail) is a species of Equisetum (horsetail) with an unusual distribution, with one subspecies native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa, and a second subspecies native to western North America.[1][2] The North American subspecies is often simply but ambiguously called "giant horsetail", but that name may just as well refer to the Latin American Equisetum giganteum and Equisetum myriochaetum.
Spore-bearing strobilus

It is a herbaceous perennial plant, with separate green photosynthetic sterile stems, and pale yellowish non-photosynthetic spore-bearing fertile stems. The sterile stems, produced in late spring and dying down in late autumn, are 30–150 cm (rarely to 240 cm) tall (the tallest species of horsetail outside of tropical regions) and 1 cm diameter, heavily branched, with whorls of 14–40 branches, these up to 20 cm long, 1–2 mm diameter and unbranched, emerging from the axils of a ring of bracts. The fertile stems are produced in early spring before the sterile shoots, growing to 15–45 cm tall with an apical spore-bearing strobilus 4–10 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, and no side branches; the spores disperse in mid spring, with the fertile stems dying immediately after spore release. Occasional plants produce stems that are both fertile and photosynthetic.[2][3][4]

It is found in damp shady places, spring fens and seepage lines, usually in open woodlands, commonly forming large clonal colonies.[2][3]

There are two subspecies:[1][4]

* Equisetum telmateia subsp. telmateia. Great Horsetail. Europe, western Asia, northwest Africa. Main stem between branch whorls pale greenish white.
* Equisetum telmateia subsp. braunii (Milde) Hauke. Northern Giant Horsetail. Western North America, from southeastern Alaska and western British Columbia south to California. Main stem between branch whorls green.


References

1. ^ a b Germplasm Resources Information Network: Equisetum telmateia
2. ^ a b c Hyde, H. A., Wade, A. E., & Harrison, S. G. (1978). Welsh Ferns. National Museum of Wales ISBN 0-7200-0210-9.
3. ^ a b Clapham, A. R., Tutin, T. G., & Warburg, E. F. (1981). Excursion Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed. ed.). Cambridge: University Press. pp. 6. ISBN 0521232902.
4. ^ a b Flora of North America: Equisetum telmateia

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License