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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordines: CyathealesGleichenialesHymenophyllalesOsmundalesPolypodialesSalvinialesSchizaeales

Genera (incertae sedis): †Aculea – †Amanda – †Heterophyton

Polypodiopsida Cronquist, Takht. & W.Zimm., Taxon 15: 133. Apr 1966.

Gleicheniopsida Doweld
Pteridopsida Ritgen

Note: WS follows PPG I (2016) not Christenhusz & Chase, (2014 & 2018).

Cronquist, A., Takhtajan, A. & Zimmermann, W.M. 1966. On the higher taxa of Embryobionta. Taxon 15(4): 129–168. DOI: 10.2307/1217531 PDF Reference page.
Doweld, A.B. 2001. Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum. Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta) [Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum. Опыт системы сосудистых растений]. LXXX + 110 pp. Moscow: Geos. ISBN 5-89118-283-1. DJVU Reference page.
Christenhusz, M.J.M. & Chase, M.W. 2014. Trends and concepts in fern classification. Annals of Botany 113(4): 571–594. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mct299 PDF Reference page.
Christenhusz, M.J. & Chase, M.W. 2018. PPG recognises too many fern genera. Taxon 67(3): 481–487. DOI: 10.12705/673.2 Open access Reference page.
Kramer, K.U. 1990. Notes on the Higher Level Classification of the Recent Ferns. pp. 49–52 in: Kubitzki, K., Kramer, K.U. & Green, P.S., The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 1: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. New York: Springer,
Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group (PPG I) 2016. A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54(6): 563–603. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12229 Reference page. (including subclasses Equisetidae, Ophioglossidae, Marattiidae and Polypodiidae)
Smith, A.R., Pryer, K.M., Schuettpelz, E., Korall, P., Schneider, H. & Wolf, P.G. 2006. A classification for extant ferns. Taxon 55(3): 705–731. DOI: 10.2307/25065646 JSTOR ResearchGate PDF. Reference page.
Schuettpelz, E., Rouhan, G., Pryer, K.M., Rothfels, C.J., Prado, J., Sundue, M.A., Windham, M.D., Moran, R.C. & Smith, A.R. 2018. Are there too many fern genera? Taxon 67(3): 473–480. DOI: 10.12705/673.1 Open access Reference page.
Wang, F.-G. & Xing, F.-W. 2014. Heterophyton, a new substitute name for Allophyton X.W. Wu (Pteridopsida). Phytotaxa 163(5): 299–300. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.163.5.6 Reference page.


Polypodiopsida – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Polypodiopsida – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
EOL: Polypodiopsida

Vernacular names
беларуская: Папараці
dansk: Bregne (bregner)
Deutsch: Farn (Farne)
English: Fern (ferns)
español: Helecho (helechos)
français: Fougère (fougères)
magyar: Páfrányok
日本語: ウラボシ綱, シダ綱
Nederlands: Varen (varens)
norsk nynorsk: Blom, bregne
norsk: Bregne
polski: Paprocie
português: Feto (fetos)
русский: Папоротниковые
Tiếng Việt: Lớp Dương xỉ
中文: 真蕨綱

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