Hellenica World

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The year 1736 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Botany

Charles Marie de La Condamine, with François Fresneau Gataudière, makes the first scientific observations of rubber, in Ecuador.[1]

Earth sciences

June 19 - French Academy of Sciences expedition led by Pierre Louis Maupertuis, with Anders Celsius, begins work on measuring a meridian arc in the Torne Valley of Finland.[2]

Mathematics

June 8 - Leonhard Euler writes to James Stirling describing the Euler–Maclaurin formula, providing a connection between integrals and calculus.
Euler produces the first published proof of Fermat's "little theorem".[3]
Sir Isaac Newton's Method of Fluxions (1671), describing his method of differential calculus, is first published (posthumously) and Thomas Bayes publishes a defense of its logical foundations against the criticism of George Berkeley (anonymously).[4]

Awards

Copley Medal: John Theophilus Desaguliers

Births

January 19 - James Watt, Scottish mechanical engineer (d. 1819)
25 January 1736 Birth of Joseph Louis Lagrange, Piedmont-born mathematician (d. 1813)
June 14 - Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (d. 1806)
August 19 - Erland Samuel Bring, Swedish mathematician (d. 1798)

September 1736 Birth of Jean-Sylvain Bailly in Paris, France
November 3 - Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer (d. 1805)
John Arnold, Cornish-born watchmaker (d. 1799)

Deaths

September 16 - Gabriel Fahrenheit, physicist and engineer (b. 1686)

1736 Death of Stephen Gray

References

^ Journal du voyage fait par ordre du roi à l'équateur. Paris. 1751.
^ Piippola, Takalo. "Maupertuis'n astemittaus Tornionlaaksossa 1736-1737" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2008-03-23.
^ Theorematum Quorundam ad Numeros Primos Spectantium Demonstratio.
^ An Introduction to the Doctrine of Fluxions, and a Defence of the Mathematicians Against the Objections of the Author of the Analyst.

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Chronology

1735 - 1736 - 1737

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