Hellenica World


The year 1736 in science and technology involved some significant events.


Charles Marie de La Condamine, with François Fresneau Gataudière, makes the first scientific observations of rubber, in Ecuador.[1]

Earth sciences

June 19 - French Academy of Sciences expedition led by Pierre Louis Maupertuis, with Anders Celsius, begins work on measuring a meridian arc in the Torne Valley of Finland.[2]


June 8 - Leonhard Euler writes to James Stirling describing the Euler–Maclaurin formula, providing a connection between integrals and calculus.
Euler produces the first published proof of Fermat's "little theorem".[3]
Sir Isaac Newton's Method of Fluxions (1671), describing his method of differential calculus, is first published (posthumously) and Thomas Bayes publishes a defense of its logical foundations against the criticism of George Berkeley (anonymously).[4]


Copley Medal: John Theophilus Desaguliers


January 19 - James Watt, Scottish mechanical engineer (d. 1819)
25 January 1736 Birth of Joseph Louis Lagrange, Piedmont-born mathematician (d. 1813)
June 14 - Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (d. 1806)
August 19 - Erland Samuel Bring, Swedish mathematician (d. 1798)

September 1736 Birth of Jean-Sylvain Bailly in Paris, France
November 3 - Christiaan Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer (d. 1805)
John Arnold, Cornish-born watchmaker (d. 1799)


September 16 - Gabriel Fahrenheit, physicist and engineer (b. 1686)

1736 Death of Stephen Gray


^ Journal du voyage fait par ordre du roi à l'équateur. Paris. 1751.
^ Piippola, Takalo. "Maupertuis'n astemittaus Tornionlaaksossa 1736-1737" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2008-03-23.
^ Theorematum Quorundam ad Numeros Primos Spectantium Demonstratio.
^ An Introduction to the Doctrine of Fluxions, and a Defence of the Mathematicians Against the Objections of the Author of the Analyst.

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