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The year 1763 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Astronomy

Publication of Nicolas Louis de Lacaille's Coelum australe stelliferum, cataloguing all his data from the southern hemisphere and including about 10,000 stars and a number of brighter star clusters and nebulae.
Publication of Edward Stone's The whole doctrine of parallaxes explained and illustrated by an arithmetical and geometrical construction of the transit of Venus over the sun, June 6th, 1761. Enriched with a new and general method of determining the places where any transit of this planet, and especially that which will be June 3d, 1769, may be best observed.

Mathematics

Thomas Bayes' solution to a problem of "inverse probability" is presented posthumously in his "Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances" read by Richard Price to the Royal Society,[1][2] containing a statement of a special case of Bayes' theorem.[3]

Medicine

Edward Stone publishes his discovery of the medicinal properties of salicylic acid.[4]

Awards

Copley Medal: Not awarded

Births

January 31 (bapt.) – John Brinkley, English astronomer (died 1835)

2 May 1763 Birth of Johann Sigismund Gottfried Huth in Roslau, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
May 12 – John Bell, Scottish surgeon (died 1820)
May 16 – Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French chemist (died 1829)
August 16 – Giovanni Battista Guglielmini, Bolognese physicist (died 1817)
October 27 – William Maclure, Scottish American geologist (died 1840)
December 25 – Claude Chappe, French engineer (died 1805)

Deaths

March 5 – William Smellie, Scottish obstetrician (born 1697)
July 11 – Peter Forsskål, Swedish naturalist (born 1732)

References

^ "A Letter from the Late Reverend Mr. Thomas Bayes, F.R.S. to John Canton, M.A. and F.R.S." (PDF). 1763-11-24. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
^ Bayes, Thomas (1764). "An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances. By the late Rev. Mr. Bayes, communicated by Mr. Price, in a letter to John Canton". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (London) 53: 370–418. doi:10.1098/rstl.1763.0053. Read December 23, 1763.
^ McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch (2011). The Theory That Would Not Die. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-16969-0.
^ "An Account of the Success of the Bark of the Willow in the Cure of Agues. In a Letter to the Right Honourable George Earl of Macclesfield, President of R.S. from the Rev. Mr. Edmund [sic.] Stone, of Chipping-Norton in Oxfordshire". Philosophical Transactions (London: Royal Society) 53. 1763.

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Chronology

1762 - 1763 - 1764

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