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The year 1793 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Events

October 24 - The French Republican Calendar, devised by Gilbert Romme, is adopted by the National Convention.

Biology

June 10 - Muséum national d'histoire naturelle formally established in Paris by the National Convention of the French First Republic.
Christian Konrad Sprengel publishes Das entdeckte Geheimnis der Natur im Bau und in der Befruchtung der Blumen in Berlin, pioneering the study of pollination ecology.

Medicine

Matthew Baillie publishes The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body, considered the first systematic study of pathology and the first publication in English on it as a separate subject.[1] He is credited with first identifying transposition of the great vessels and situs inversus.
John Bell begins publication in Edinburgh of The Anatomy of the Bones, Muscles & Joints (the first volume of The Anatomy of the Human Body, which will go through at least seven editions) and Discourses on the Nature and Cure of Wounds with illustrations by himself and his brother Charles.[2][3]
Yellow Fever epidemic in Philadelphia in the United States.

Technology

May 15 - Spanish inventor Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for about 360 m (1,180 ft).
Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.

Awards

Copley Medal: Not awarded

Births

April 15 - Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, Baltic astronomer (died 1864)
April - Thomas Addison, English physician and scientist (died 1860)
July 13 - George Green, English mathematician (died 1841)

Deaths

April 21 - John Michell, geologist (born 1724)
May 20 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (born 1720)
June 26 - Gilbert White, English naturalist (born 1720)
September 26 - Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard, French mycologist (born c.1742)
October 16 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon, pathologist and comparative anatomist (born 1728)

12 November 1793, Death of Jean-Sylvain Bailly in Paris, France

References

^ "Matthew Baillie". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
^ Baston, K. Grudzien (2004). "Bell, John (1763–1820)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2013. Retrieved 2011-04-06. subscription or UK public library membership required
^ Jacyna, L. S. (2004). "Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1999. Retrieved 2011-04-06.

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Chronology

1792 - 1793 - 1794

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