Hellenica World


1965 — Hannes Alfvén proposes the now-discounted concept of ambiplasma to explain baryon asymmetry.
1965 — Martin Rees and Dennis Sciama analyze quasar source count data and discover that the quasar density increases with redshift.
1965 — Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, astronomers at Bell Labs discover the 2.7 K microwave background radiation, which earns them the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics. Robert Dicke, James Peebles, Peter Roll and David Todd Wilkinson interpret it as relic from the big bang.

Robert Burns Woodward and Roald Hoffmann propose the Woodward-Hoffmann rules, which use the symmetry of molecular orbitals to explain the stereochemistry of chemical reactions.

1 April 1965, Death of Daniel Barbier in Marseilles, France

21 April 1965 Death of Sir Edward Victor Appleton

28 August 1965 Death of Giulio (Yoel) Racah

8 December 1965 Birth of Dean Benjamin McLaughlin , in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

1965 Death of Arthur Holmes


Nobel Prize

Physics to Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynman "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"

Chemistry: to Robert Burns Woodward "for his outstanding achievements in the art of organic synthesis"

Physiology or Medicine to François Jacob, André Lwoff and Jacques Monod "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis"

Popular Science Feb 1965

Popular Science Mar 1965

Popular Science Oct 1965


1964 - 1965 - 1966