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1995 Fermilab, Top Quark

1995 Eric Cornell and Carl Wieman produce the first Bose–Einstein condensate, a substance that displays quantum mechanical properties on the macroscopic scale

1995 Proof finaly of Fermat’s “Last Theorem by Andrew Wiles

Launch of SOHO

The genome of Haemophilus influenzae is the first genome of a free living organism to be sequenced

Archaeology
Main article: 1995 in archaeology

January 18 - In southern France near Vallon-Pont-d'Arc a network of caves are discovered that contain paintings and engravings that are 17,000 to 20,000 years old.
Wes Linster discovers the first intact skeleton of Bambiraptor feinbergi.

Astronomy

Asteroid 6349 is discovered by Masahiro Koishikawa.
February: Project Phoenix begins looking for extraterrestrial transmissions using the Parkes radio telescope in New South Wales, Australia, the largest telescope in the southern hemisphere.
October 6: 51 Pegasi b: Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz of the University of Geneva at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence announce in Nature the first definitive detection of an extrasolar planet orbiting an ordinary main-sequence star (51 Pegasi).
The "Big Ear" at the Ohio State University Radio Observatory ends its full time SETI radio survey, having run continuously for 22 years, beginning in 1973.

Biology

The genome of Haemophilus influenzae is the first genome of a free living organism to be sequenced.

Computer science

May 23 - The Java programming language is announced to the world.

Medicine

January 30 - Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventative treatment for sickle cell anaemia.

Neuroscience

The RELN gene and Reelin protein are discovered by Gabriella D'Arcangelo and colleagues, solving the mystery behind the formation of "inverted cortical layers" in the brain of reeler mutant mice, and sparking an avalanche of research into the Reelin's role in neurodevelopment.

Psychology

Elizabeth Loftus describes the "Lost in the mall technique" as a demonstration that confabulations can be created through suggestions to experimental subjects.[1]

Space exploration

March 22 - Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.

Deaths

January 30 - Gerald Durrell (b. 1925), British wildlife conservationist.
March 24 - Joseph Needham (b. 1900), English biochemist & writer on the history of science and technology in China.
April 2 - Hannes Alfvén (b. 1908), Swedish astrophysicist.
June 23 - Jonas Salk (b. 1914), American medical researcher.
August 11 - Alonzo Church (b. 1903), American mathematician.

References

^ Loftus, E. F.; Pickrell, J. E. (1995). "The formation of false memories" (pdf). Psychiatric Annals 25: 720–725.

28 January 1995 discovery of 7035 Gomi

29 January 1995 discovery of 7037 Davidlean

1 March 1995 discovery of 7440 Zavist

28 March 1995 discovery of 8405 Asbolus

30 July 1995 discovery of 7441 Laska

20 September 1995 discovery of 7442 Inouehideo

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1 January 1995 Death of Eugene Paul Wigner

18 January 1995 Death of Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt

14 March 1995 Death of William Alfred Fowler

2 April 1995 Death of Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén in Djursholm, Sweden

14 May 1995 Death of Christian Boehmer Anfinsen

25 June 1995 Death of Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton

6 October 1995 Death of Paul-Achille-Ariel Baize in Laval, Mayenne, France

6 December 1995 Death of Margaret Walton Mayall, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

18 December 1995 Death of Nathan Rosen

1995 Death of George Robert Stibitz

1995 Death of Peter [Piet] Van de Kamp

1995 Death of Albrecht Unsöld

Nobel Prize

Physics "for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics" to Martin L. Perl "for the discovery of the tau lepton" and to Frederick Reines "for the detection of the neutrino"

Chemistry to Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and Frank Sherwood Rowland "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone"

Physiology or Medicine Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric F. Wieschaus "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"

Popular Science Mar 1995

Popular Science Apr 1995

Popular Science Jun 1995

Popular Science Aug 1995

Popular Science Oct 1995

Popular Science Nov 1995

Popular Science Dec 1995

Source: Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Chronology

1994- 1995 - 1996

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