Hellenica World

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Production of Antihydrogen

NASA results about extraterestrial primitive organisms in meteorites, later found to be wrong

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the first eukaryote genome sequence to be released

Astronomy and space exploration
The cloning process that produced Dolly.

January 30 – Comet Hyakutake is discovered.
February 17 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft launched. The craft will land on asteroid 433 Eros in 2001.
May 20 – First naked-eye observation of Comet Hale-Bopp.
November 7 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
The second 9.8 m reflecting telescope opens at Keck Observatory, Mauna Kea, Hawaii.

Biology

July 5 – Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell, is born.
August 6 – NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms.
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae's genome is sequenced, the first eukaryotic genome to be fully sequenced.

Chemistry

February 9 – Copernicium first created at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany, by Sigurd Hofmann, Victor Ninov and others.[1]

Computer science

January 23 – The first version of the Java programming language is released.
February 10 – Deep Blue defeats chess grand-master Garry Kasparov for the first time.
Lov Grover, at Bell Labs, publishes the quantum database search algorithm.
IRCnet is founded.

Exploration

May 23 – Swede Göran Kropp reaches Mount Everest summit alone without oxygen after having bicycled there from Sweden.

Medicine

March – The Cochrane Library launched.[2]
New variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease first identified in humans, in the United Kingdom.[3]
Sildenafil (Viagra), a treatment for erectile disfunction, is patented by Pfizer.[4]

Meteorology

January 7 – A large blizzard hits the Eastern United States, killing more than 100.
May 13 – Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kills 600.
July 18–21 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River in Quebec, in one of Canada's most costly natural disasters.

Technology

Zenith introduces the first HDTV-compatible front projection television in the United States. Broadcasters, TV & PC manufacturers set industry standards for digital HDTV.
APS film format is introduced.
Successful demonstration of magnetic refrigeration.

Births

July 5 – Dolly the sheep (d. 2003), the world's first cloned mammal.

Deaths

January 12 – Bartel Leendert van der Waerden (b. 1903), mathematician.
February 20 – Solomon Asch (b. 1907), social psychologist.
March 26 – David Packard (b. 1912), engineer.
June 17 – Thomas Kuhn (b. 1922), philosopher of science.
August 1 – Tadeus Reichstein (b. 1897), winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
August 9 – Sir Frank Whittle (b. 1907), aeronautical engineer.
September 20 – Paul Erdős (b. 1913), mathematician.
December 20 – Carl Sagan (b. 1934), astronomer.

References

^ Hofmann, S. et al. (1996). "The new element 112". Zeitschrift für Physik A 354 (1): 229–230. doi:10.1007/BF02769517.
^ "About the Cochrane Library". The Cochrane Library. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
^ Will, R. G.; Ironside, J. W.; Zeidler, M. (April 1996). "A new variant of Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in the UK". The Lancet 347 (9006): 921–5. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91412-9. PMID 8598754.
^ Boolell, M.; Allen, M.J.; Ballard, S.A.; Gepi-Attee, S.; Muirhead, G.J.; Naylor, A.M.; Osterloh, I.H.; Gingell, C. (1996). "Sildenafil: an orally active type 5 cyclic GMP-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor for the treatment of penile erectile dysfunction". International Journal of Impotence Research 8 (2): 47–52. PMID 8858389.

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14 April 1996 discovery of 7039 Yamagata

11 June 1996 discovery of 31043 Sturm

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19 March 1996 Death of Chen Jingrun

8 August 1996 Death of Nevill Francis Mott

21 November 1996 Death of Abdus Salam in Oxford, England

1996 Death of Raymond Herb

1996 Death of Rolf Wideroe

1996 Death of Thomas Collins

Nobel Prize

Physics to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"

Chemistry to Robert Floyd Curl, Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard Errett Smalley "for their discovery of fullerenes"

Physiology or Medicine Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel "for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence"

Popular Science Apr 1996

Popular Science May 1996

Popular Science Jun 1996

Popular Science Aug 1996

Popular Science Oct 1996

Popular Science Nov 1996

Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Chronology

1995- 1996 - 1997

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