Hellenica World

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14 April 2003, Human Genome Project announces that the analysis of human DNA is complete with 99% of the genome sequenced to a 99.99% accuracy

2003 — NASA's WMAP obtained full-sky detailed pictures of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The image can be interpreted to indicate that the universe is 13.7 billion years old (within one percent error) and confirm that the Lambda-CDM model and the inflationary theory are correct.
2003 — The Sloan Great Wall is discovered.

2003 discovery of Hegemone

2003 discovery of Mneme

Anthropology

March 13 – The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.

Astronomy
Mars retrograde motion during perigee 2003

February 11 – NASA's WMAP satellite completes the first detailed cosmic microwave background radiation map of the universe. The image reveals the universe is 13.7 billion years old (within one percent error) and provides evidence that supports the inflationary theory.
May 16 – Total lunar eclipse
May 31 – Annular solar eclipse in Northern Scotland, Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland, with partial eclipse covering much of Europe and Russia.
August 25 – Opposition of Mars, closest approach to earth of Mars since 57,617 BC, at a distance of 55,758,006 kilometers.[1]
October–November – The sun is at solar maximum with a period of high activity, generating many large solar flares and coronal mass ejections.
November 9 – Total lunar eclipse.
November 14 – Trans-Neptunian object 90377 Sedna, one of the most distant objects in the Solar System, discovered by Palomar Observatory.[2]
November 23 – Total solar eclipse in Antarctica.
The 2dF Survey of galaxy redshifts is published.

Biology

October 13 – The open access scientific journal PLoS Biology from the Public Library of Science, commences operation.

Medicine

February 26 – A US businessman is diagnosed with the first known case of SARS in Hanoi, Vietnam, by WHO doctor Carlo Urbani.

Meteorology

NOAA hurricane experts issue first experimental Eastern Pacific Hurricane Outlook.

Space exploration

February 1 – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates over Texas upon reentry killing all seven astronauts on board.
June 2 – The first European Mars mission Mars Express launched.
September 27 – The first European lunar mission Smart 1 launched.
October 15 – The People's Republic of China launches Shenzhou 5, their first manned space mission.
December 25 – Mars Express enters orbit around Mars. Its lander, Beagle 2 was to land on the surface but is lost (presumed crashed).

Technology

March – The world's first digital camera with an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display is released by Kodak.
July 30 – The last old-style Volkswagen Beetle rolls off its production line in Puebla, Puebla, Mexico.
October 24 – Concorde makes its last flight, bringing the era of civilian supersonic travel to a close for the foreseeable future.
Intel releases the Pentium M microprocessor.

Births

May 4 – Idaho Gem, the world's first cloned mule.
May 28 – Prometea, the first cloned horse.

Deaths

February 1 – The crew of STS-107
Michael P. Anderson (b. 1959)
David McDowell Brown (b. 1956)
Kalpana Chawla (b. 1961)
Laurel Clark (b. 1961)
Rick D. Husband (b. 1957)
William C. McCool (b. 1961)
Ilan Ramon (b. 1954)
February 14 – Dolly the sheep (b. 1996), the world's first cloned mammal.
March 29 – Carlo Urbani (b. 1956), physician, discoverer of SARS.
April 17 – Dr. Robert Atkins (b. 1930), nutritionist.
May 28 – Ilya Prigogine (b. 1917), chemist, Nobel laureate in chemistry.
May 28 – Oleg Makarov (b. 1933), cosmonaut
September 9 – Edward Teller (b. 1908), physicist, inventor of the hydrogen bomb.
October 15 – Bertram N. Brockhouse (b. 1918), physicist.

Notes

^ Boyle, Gary (2003-08-25). "Seeing the Red Planet". Starry Nights. Retrieved 2011-10-27.
^ Brown, Michael E.; Trujillo, Chadwick; Rabinowitz, David (10 December 2004). "Discovery of a Candidate Inner Oort Cloud Planetoid". The Astrophysical Journal 617 (1): 645–649. arXiv:astro-ph/0404456. Bibcode 2004ApJ...617..645B. doi:10.1086/422095. Retrieved 2011-10-27.

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28 May 2003 Death of Ilya Prigogine

9 September 2003 Death of Edward Teller

13 October 2003 Death of Bertram Neville Brockhouse

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Nobel Prize

Physics being awarded jointly to: Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and A. J. Leggett ALEXEI ALEXEEVICH ABRIKOSOV (Biography) , VITALY LAZAREVICH GINZBURG (Biography) and ANTHONY J. LEGGETT (Biography for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids

Chemistry "for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes" to Peter Agre "for the discovery of water channels" and to Roderick MacKinnon "for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels"

Physiology or Medicine: Paul C. Lauterbur and Sir Peter Mansfield "for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging"

Popular Science Apr 2003

Popular Science Jul 2003

Popular Science Aug 2003

Popular Science Oct 2003

Popular Science Nov 2003

Source: Wikipedia, : All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Chronology

2002 - 2003 - 2004

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