Kalinite is a fibrous monoclinic type of alum distinct from isometric potassium alum, named in 1868.
Its name comes from Kalium (derived from Arabic: القَلْيَه al-qalyah “plant ashes”) which is the Latin name for potassium, hence its chemical symbol, "K".
A proposal to discredit kalinite as a mineral species has been submitted to the International Mineralogical Association, but it is currently (March 2010) on the list of approved minerals.
Kalinite is a rare secondary mineral observed in the oxidized zone of mineral deposits, as efflorescence on alum slates, in caves, and as a volcanic sublimate. It is associated with jarosite, KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6, and cuprian melanterite (pisanite), (Fe2+,Cu2+)SO4·7H2O, at Quetena, Chile[.
Space Group: C2/c
Unit Cell Parameters: a=19.92 Å, b=9.27 Å, c=8.304 Å, β = 98.79°, Z=4
1. ^ a b Gaines et al (1997) Dana’s New Mineralogy, Wiley
2. ^ http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/kalinite.pdf
3. ^ http://www.webmineral.com/data/Kalinite.shtml
4. ^ a b http://www.mindat.org/min-2137.html
5. ^ American Mineralogist (1923) 8:15
6. ^ http://rruff.info/ima
7. ^ American Mineralogist (1927) 12:14
8. ^ American Mineralogist (1938) 23:721
List of minerals