Henri Paul Cartan (July 8, 1904 – August 13, 2008) was a son of Élie Cartan, and was, as his father was, a distinguished and influential French mathematician.
Cartan studied at the Lycée Hoche in Versailles, then at the ENS, receiving his doctorate in mathematics. He taught at the University of Strasbourg from November 1931 until the outbreak of the Second World War, after which he held academic positions at a number of other French universities, spending the bulk of his working life in Paris.
Cartan was known for work in algebraic topology, in particular on cohomology operations, Killing homotopy groups and group cohomology. His seminar in Paris in the years after 1945 covered ground on several complex variables, sheaf theory, spectral sequences and homological algebra, in a way that deeply influenced Jean-Pierre Serre, Armand Borel, Alexander Grothendieck and Frank Adams, amongst others of the leading lights of the younger generation. The number of his official students was small, but includes Adrien Douady, Roger Godement, Max Karoubi, Jean-Pierre Serre and René Thom.
Cartan also was a founding member of the Bourbaki group and one of its most active participants. His book with Samuel Eilenberg Homological Algebra (1956) was an important text, treating the subject with a moderate level of abstraction and category theory.
Cartan used his influence to help obtain the release of some dissident mathematicians, including Leonid Plyushch and Jose Luis Massera. For his humanitarian efforts he received the Pagels Award from the New York Academy of Sciences.
Cartan died on 13 August 2008 at the age of 104. His funeral took place the following Wednesday on 20 August in Die, Drome.
Honours and awards
Cartan received numerous honours and awards including the Wolf Prize in 1980. From 1974 until his death he had been a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He was a foreign member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Royal Society of London, Russian Academy of Sciences, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, United States National Academy of Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences and other academies and societies.
* Cartan's theorems A and B
1. ^ a b "Décès du mathématicien Henri Cartan", Le Figaro, 2008-08-18, http://www.lefigaro.fr/sciences/2008/08/18/01008-20080818ARTFIG00240-deces-du-mathematicien-henri-cartan-.php
2. ^ Henri Cartan and Samuel Eilenberg, Homological Algebra ISBN 978-0-691-04991-5
3. ^ Notices of the AMS, Vol. 46(7), page 788
* O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Cartan, Henri", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews, http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Cartan_Henri.html .
* "Décès du mathématicien français Henri Cartan", Agence France-Presse, 2008-08-18, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5h0ohPHQlam1qDDEtg1CMLPJwj3Ow (French)
* Chang, Kenneth (2008-08-25), "Henri Cartan, French Mathematician, Is Dead at 104", The New York Times: A17, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/25/science/25cartan.html, retrieved 2008-08-25
* Rehmeyer, Julie (2008-08-29), "Founder of the Secret Society of Mathematicians", Science News, http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/36064/title/Math_Trek__Founder_of_the_Secret_Society_of_Mathematicians
* Henri Cartan at the Internet Movie Database
* Jackson, Allyn (1999-07), "Interview with Henri Cartan", Notices of the American Mathematical Society 46 (7): 782–788, http://www.ams.org/notices/199907/fea-cartan.pdf
* Henri Cartan at l'Académie des Sciences (French)
* Henri Cartan at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
* Biographical sketch and bibliography by the Société Mathématique de France on the occasion of Cartan's 100th birthday. (French)
* Cerf, Jean (2004-04), "Trois quarts de siècle avec Henri Cartan", Gazette des Mathématiciens (100): 7–8, http://smf.emath.fr/Publications/Gazette/2004/100/smf_gazette_100_7-8.pdf (French)
* Samuel, Pierre (2004-04), "Souvenirs personnels sur H. Cartan", Gazette des Mathématiciens (100): 13–15, http://smf.emath.fr/Publications/Gazette/2004/100/smf_gazette_100_12-15.pdf (French)
* "100th Birthday of Henri Cartan", European Mathematical Society Newsletter (53): 20–21, 2004-09, http://www.emis.de/newsletter/current/current10.pdf (translations of above two articles from the SMF Gazette)
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