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Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov (Russian: Александр Михайлович Прохоров) (July 11, 1916 – January 8, 2002) was a Soviet/Russian physicist born in Australia.

He was born in Atherton, Queensland, to a family of Russian immigrants. He and his parents relocated to the Soviet Union in 1923.

In June 1941, he started to serve in the Soviet Army. He took part in the Second World War. He was wounded twice. After his second injury in 1944, he was demobilized.

Prokhorov (also known as Alexander Prochorow, depending on the spelling system) was a physicist and professor at the Moscow State University. In 1964 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, for his work on lasers and masers. He was also the chief editor of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia since 1969.

He died in Moscow. After his death the "General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences" was renamed the "A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences."


Books

A.M. Prokhorov (Editor in Chief), J.M. Buzzi, P. Sprangle, K. Wille.Coherent Radiation Generation and Particle Acceleration, 1992, ISBN: 0883189267. Research Trends in Physics Series founded by V. Alexander Stefan and published by the American Institute of Physics Press (presently * Springer, New York)

V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors). Diamond Science and Technology Vol 1: Laser Diamond Interaction. Plasma Diamond Reactors (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999. ISBN: 1-889545-23-6.

V. Stefan and A. M. Prokhorov (Editors). Diamond Science and Technology Vol 2: (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) 1999.ISBN: 1-889545-24-4.

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