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Alexei Alexeevich Abrikosov

Alexei Alexeevich Abrikosov (Алексей Алексеевич Абрикосов) (born June 25, 1928, in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR.) is a Soviet/Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He graduated from the Moscow State University in 1948. In 1948-1965 he worked in the Institute for Physical Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences, where he received his Ph.D. (in 1951) for the theory of thermal diffusion in plasmas and then the next degree, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (in 1955) for a thesis on quantum electrodynamics at high energies. After that, in 1965-1988 he worked in the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (USSR Academy of Sciences). Professor of the Moscow State University since 1965.Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1987-1991, since 1991 he is academician of Russian Academy of Sciences.

In 1952 Abrikosov discovered the way in which magnetic flux can penetrate a superconductor. The phenomenon is known as type-II superconductivity, and the accompanying arrangement of magnetic flux lines is called the Abrikosov vortex lattice.

Since 1991 he works in the Materials Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois, USA on contract basis. He is a citizen of both Russia and the United States.

Awards

Alexei Abrikosov was awarded Lenin Prize (in 1966), USSR State Prize (in 1982), Fritz London Memorial Prize (in 1972). He was the co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics, with Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony James Leggett.

Links

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