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Henry Way Kendall (December 9, 1926 – February 15, 1999) was an American physicist.

He was born in Boston and attended Deerfield Academy. He taught for much of his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 jointly with Jerome Isaac Friedman and Richard E. Taylor "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics."

Kendall was not only a very accomplished physicist, but also a very skilled mountaineer and photographer. He was also one of the founding members of the Union of Concerned Scientists. He was active throughout much of his life to advance the causes of UCS. He was particularly interested in the Energy Problem and Nuclear Proliferation.

He died in Wakulla Springs State Park, Florida while photographing an underwater cave system.

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