Hellenica World


Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau (September 23, 1819-1896), French physicist, was born in Paris. His earliest work was concerned with improvements in photographic processes; and then, in association with J. B. L. Foucault, he engaged in a series of investigations on the interference of light and heat. In 1848, he predicted the redshifting of electromagnetic waves.[1] In 1849 he published the first results obtained by his method for determining the speed of light (see Fizeau-Foucault apparatus), and in 1850 with E. Gounelle measured the speed of electricity.

In 1853 he described the employment of the capacitor (then called the condenser) as a means for increasing the efficiency of the induction coil. Subsequently he studied the thermal expansion of solids, and applied the phenomena of interference of light to the measurement of the dilatations of crystals. He became a member of the Académie française in 1860 and of the Bureau des Longitudes in 1878. He died at Venteuil September 18, 1896.


1. ^ Hellemans, Alexander; Bryan Bunch (1988). The Timetables of Science. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster, 317. ISBN 0671621300.

See also

* Fizeau-Foucault apparatus

* Fizeau experiment

* Fizeau interferometer


* This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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