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The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (formerly the Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology) is the oldest and largest physical science research centre in Ukraine.[1]

The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was founded by Abram Ioffe in Kharkiv in Ukraine in 1928.

The Lev Shubnikov Low Temperature Laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was founded in Kharkiv, Ukraine in 1931. Lev Shubnikov was a head of the cryogenic laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology in 1931–1937. In 1935, Rjabinin, Schubnikow experimentally discovered the Type-II superconductors at the cryogenic laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology in Kharkiv, Ukraine.[2][3]

During the Stalin epoch, this was where the UPTI Affair occurred in 1938: three leading physicists of the Kharkiv Institute (Lev Landau, Yuri Rumer and Moisey Korets) were arrested by the Soviet secret police.

The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was the "Laboratory no. 1" in the nuclear physics, where the nuclear bomb was invented in the former USSR for the first time.
Famous alumni

Aleksander Akhiezer
Naum Akhiezer
Victor G. Bar'yakhtar
Semion Braude
Dmitri Ivanenko
Fritz Houtermans
Eduard Kuraev
Igor Kurchatov
Lev Landau
Oleg Lavrentiev
Boris G. Lazarev
Aleksandr Leipunskii
Ilya Lifshitz
Evgeny Lifshitz
Ivan M. Neklyudov
Boris Podolsky
Isaak Pomeranchuk
Lev Shubnikov
Cyril Sinelnikov

References

"History | ННЦ ХФТИ". www.kipt.kharkov.ua. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
J. N. Rjabinin, L.W. Schubnikow, Magnetic properties and critical currents of superconducting alloys, Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, vol .7, no.1, pp. 122-125, 1935.
J. N. Rjabinin, L.W. Schubnikow, Magnetic properties and critical currents of supra-conducting alloys, Nature, 135, no. 3415, pp. 581-582, 1935.

Physics Encyclopedia

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